Forman-Hoffman VL, Mengeling M, Booth BM, Torner J, Sadler AG. Mil Med. 2012 Oct;177(10):1161-8. SOURCE: RTI, International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA. We examine lifetime eating disorders (EDOs) and associations with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sexual trauma during various stages of the life course (childhood, during military service, and lifetime)… Read More »»
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Examining the dimensionality of combat-related posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in treatment-seeking OEF/OIF/OND veterans
Tsai J, Pietrzak RH, Southwick SM, Harpaz-Rotem I. J Affect Disord. 2011 Dec;135(1-3):310-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.06.057. Epub 2011 Jul 22. SOURCE: VA New England Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, West Haven, CT 06516, USA. Jack.Tsai@yale.edu BACKGROUND: This study examined the factor structure of two of the most commonly used screening measures of posttraumatic stress… Read More »»
Brooks E, Novins DK, Thomas D, Jiang L, Nagamoto HT, Dailey N, Bair B, Shore JH. Psychiatr Serv. 2012 Sep 1;63(9):862-7. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201100444. SOURCE: Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health, University of Colorado Denver, PO Box 6508, Mail Stop F800, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. email@example.com OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is widespread among… Read More »»
Reasons for quitting smoking prior to a self-quit attempt among smokers with and without posttraumatic stress disorder or other anxiety/mood psychopathology.
The present investigation examined intrinsic and extrinsic reasons for quitting among daily cigarette smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as compared to clinical daily smokers with other anxiety and mood disorders (AM) and daily smokers with no current Axis I psychopathology (C) prior to a self-guided quit attempt. It was hypothesized that (1) the PTSD… Read More »»
Impact of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder on early smoking lapse and relapse during a self-guided quit attempt among community-recruited daily smokers.
The present investigation examined whether daily smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as compared to daily smokers with either anxiety psychopathology or no current Axis I psychopathology, have decreased success in the early phases of a self-guided smoking quit attempt. Participants were 140 daily smokers (81 women; M (age) = 29.5; SD = 11.9; range… Read More »»
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with a high prevalence of smoking, heavy cigarette consumption and low cessation rates. PURPOSE: This manuscript describes the design of a randomized, multisite effectiveness trial to test whether integrating smoking cessation treatment into mental health care (integrated care) improves prolonged abstinence rates among veterans with PTSD, compared with… Read More »»
War is a malefic force and results in many psychiatric and medical casualties. Psychiatry’s involvement with soldiers experiencing psychological stress resulting from combat experience has been reported for many years (Zajtchuk, 1995). It has been demonstrated that a myriad of diagnosis to include depression, anxiety, somatoform, adjustment disorders and psychotic behaviors also emerge (Wain et… Read More »»
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common and treatable. There is extensive research on people of average intelligence yet little on individuals with developmental disabilities. METHODS: We report two people with intellectual disability (ID) who experienced PTSD. The relevance of their developmental difficulties, social and communication profiles, attentional skills, and causes of these, to their… Read More »»
Subthreshold PTSD in primary care: prevalence, psychiatric disorders, healthcare use, and functional status.
The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its association with specific traumas, other psychiatric diagnoses, healthcare use, and functional status among 669 veterans in four VA Medical Centers. A cross-sectional, epidemiological design incorporating self-report measures, structured interviews, and chart reviews was used to obtain relevant… Read More »»
Health beliefs have been shown to influence a myriad of medical treatment decisions. More recently, the impact of health beliefs on treatment decisions for mental illness has become a focus of study. This study examines the health beliefs and treatment behavior of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Using standard survey methodology, we assessed beliefs… Read More »»