BACKGROUND: National survey data indicate the number of individuals reporting a disability is rising. Those with disabilities experience a large number of barriers to health promotion and disease prevention programming. However, only a limited number of studies have used nationally representative data to examine the health status of individuals with disabilities in comparison to those… Read More »»
Health disparities among adults with physical disabilities or cognitive limitations compared to individuals with no disabilities in the United States.
Uncovering health care inequalities among adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Ward RL, Nichols AD, Freedman RI. Department of Sociology, Anthropology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice, SUNY Fredonia, NY 14063, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org Health Soc Work. 2010 Nov;35(4):280-90. Even as attention is drawn to the increasing number of individuals who experience health inequalities in the United… Read More »»
Nutrition and adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities: systematic literature review results.
Approximately 4.5 million Americans have an intellectual or developmental disability. Concern is increasing about these individuals’ nutrition-related behavior and its implications for their health. This article reports on a systematic search of the current literature listed in the PsycINFO and PubMed databases related to nutritional status of adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities. The authors… Read More »»
Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Although few tobacco control efforts target individuals with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities, this population may be especially vulnerable to the deleterious effects of tobacco use and dependence. Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities suffer from the health, financial, and stigmatizing effects of… Read More »»
Following up fighting fit: the long-term impact of health practitioner input on obesity and BMI amongst adults with intellectual disabilities.
This article presents findings on the long-term impact of health practitioner input to reduce obesity amongst adults with intellectual disabilities. Body mass index (BMI) was measured for an input group (N = 33) and a comparison group (N = 40) 6 years after the input group first received input. Data on BMI were collected at… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a resistance-training program on athletes with intellectual disabilities (ID). DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: 2-way (2 x 2), repeated-measures analysis of variance on 2 groups (males and females); 30 Special Olympics (SO) athletes, age 16-22 (16 males, 14 females). INTERVENTION/OUTCOME MEASURES: Resistance training, twice per week, for 3 months on Med-X weight equipment.… Read More »»
Paths to leisure physical activity among adults with intellectual disabilities: self-efficacy and social support.
PURPOSE: This study tested a path model that included perceptions of social support and self-efficacy for leisure physical activity and leisure physical activity participation among adults with intellectual disabilities. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was used. Data was collected via oral interview. SETTING: Community-based group, supported-living settings in one Midwestern state. SAMPLE: A total of 152… Read More »»
Nutrition education and support program for community-dwelling adults with intellectual disabilities.
To test the efficacy, acceptability, and appropriateness of a nutrition education and support program, 4 community-based group homes for adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities participated in a pilot intervention with extended baseline period and pre-post-test design. Adults (N = 32) with intellectual or developmental disabilities, 20 direct service staff, 4 managers of group homes,… Read More »»
Blood lead concentrations < 10 microg/d: and child intelligence at 6 years of age. Jusko TA, Henderson CR, Lanphear BP, Cory-Slechta DA, Parsons PJ, Canfield RL. Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Environ Health Perspect. 2008 Feb;116(2):243-8. Comment in: Environ Health Perspect. 2008 Feb;116(2):A60-1. BACKGROUND:… Read More »»
Computer and internet use by persons after traumatic spinal cord injury. Goodman N, Jette AM, Houlihan B, Williams S. Department of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA 02118, USA. email@example.com Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Aug;89(8):1492-8. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether computer and internet use by persons post spinal cord injury (SCI) is sufficiently prevalent and… Read More »»