Objective: To identify the frequency and manifestations of depression after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the factors that contribute to developing this mood disorder. p. Design: A prospective, nationwide, multicenter study; 17 centers supplied data from medical records and patient responses on a standardized criterion instrument. Setting: Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems programs. Participants: A… Read More »»
Depression after traumatic brain injury: a National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research Model Systems multicenter investigation.
A controlled trial of bupropion added to nicotine patch and behavioral therapy for smoking cessation in adults with unipolar depressive disorders.
Although there is a strong relationship between depression and smoking, most nicotine dependence treatment trials exclude depressed smokers. Our objective was to determine whether bupropion improves abstinence rates and abstinence-associated depressive symptoms when added to transdermal nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in smokers with unipolar depressive disorder (UDD). Adult smokers… Read More »»
BRIEFING SUMMARY This briefing summary provides an overview of some of the treatments being used for depressive symptoms and clinical depression in people with disabilities. Youth According to the website of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), depression in children and adolescents is a serious disease, causing significant problems at home, in school, and… Read More »»
BRIEFING SUMMARY This briefing summary provides an overview of some of the issues involved with depressive symptoms and clinical depression in people with disabilities, as well as a discussion of prevalence. Definition of Depressive Symptoms and Clinical Depression First, it is important to distinguish between dysthymic disorder (symptoms of chronic, mild depression persisting for at… Read More »»
The impact of depressive symptoms on alcohol and cigarette consumption following treatment for alcohol and nicotine dependence.
BACKGROUND: Although depression is common among alcohol and tobacco dependent patients, its impact on treatment outcomes is not well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of depressive symptoms on abstinence from tobacco and alcohol after treatment for alcohol dependence and nicotine dependence. METHODS: The Timing of Alcohol and Smoking Cessation… Read More »»
Lifetime physical and sexual abuse, substance abuse, depression, and suicide attempts among Native American women.
Although there is preliminary evidence that violence against women and children may be particularly prevalent in some Native American communities, associations between abuse and substance abuse, mental health problems, and suicide attempts have rarely been studied in this population. This study examined lifetime and current physical and sexual abuse among 30 Native American women. Nearly… Read More »»
Childhood physical and sexual abuse and subsequent depressive and anxiety disorders for two American Indian tribes.
BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship of childhood abuse, both physical and sexual, with subsequent lifetime depressive and anxiety disorders–depression or dysthymia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and panic or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)–among American Indians (AIs). METHOD: Three thousand and eighty-four AIs from two tribes–Southwest and Northern Plains–participated in a large-scale, community-based study. Participants were… Read More »»
Perceived discrimination, traditional practices, and depressive symptoms among American Indians in the upper Midwest.
American Indian adults are thought to experience significant depressive symptoms at rates several times higher than adults in the general population, yet we know very little about factors associated with depressive symptoms among this under studied group. Many researchers have argued that depressive symptoms are associated with conflicts between American Indian traditional cultural values, practices,… Read More »»