OBJECTIVE: To describe social participation and identify factors that affect it in a nationally representative sample of adolescents and young adults with autism. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2. The World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health model was used with participation as the dependent category.… Read More »»
Social Participation in a Nationally Representative Sample of Older Youth and Young Adults With Autism.
Clinical Orthopaedics And Related Research®. Symposium: Myelomeningocele
BACKGROUND: Youth with disabilities are at risk for decreased participation in community activities. However, little is known about participation at different developmental periods of childhood and adolescence among youth with spina bifida (SB) or whether child, family, and SB-associated factors influence participation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Our cross-sectional study examined participation among youth with SB and assessed how… Read More »»
Determinants of social participation–with friends and others who are not family members–for youths with cerebral palsy.
BACKGROUND: Social participation provides youths with opportunities to develop their self-concept, friendships, and meaning in life. Youths with cerebral palsy (CP) have been reported to participate more in home-based leisure activities and to have fewer social experiences with friends and others than youths without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify youth,… Read More »»
Youth with spina bifida and transitions: health and social participation in a nationally represented sample.
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes and identify factors that affect social participation in youth and young adults with spina bifida. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective data from a nationally representative survey of youth and young adults with disabilities were analyzed. The WHO ICF framework was used with participation as the dependent category and (a) body function/structure; (b) activities;… Read More »»
In the July-August 2008 issue of Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, Greig and colleagues described a small, qualitative study of features of mobile phone handset design, documentation, and use that either enhance or hinder usability for people with aphasia. The authors noted that, despite considerable difficulties, study participants appreciated the social participation that mobile phones support.… Read More »»
Participation in social aspects of daily life is crucial to children’s development. Although disability status is recognized to affect children’s ability to participate in social activities, little is understood about the impact of sensory processing disorders (SPD) on children’s social participation. We examined the social participation patterns of 2 groups of children (ages 6-9): (1)… Read More »»
This study investigated how individuals in the community 1 to 5 years after spinal cord injury characterized their occupational and social participation, life satisfaction, and aspects of their occupational therapy that influenced their participation. Semi-structured, open-ended interviews were conducted with 11 individuals referred by occupational therapists who specialize in spinal cord injury rehabilitation and/or are… Read More »»
Exploring communication assistants as an option for increasing communication access to communities for people who use augmentative communication.
This paper describes the results of a one-year intervention project that aimed to (a) learn about the communication supports required by people who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) when accessing their communities, (b) develop and implement a funded communication assistant service as an accessibility support option for people who use AAC when communicating in… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: To examine social and job-related participation among girls with spinal cord injury (SCI) and relationships between participation, depression, and quality of life. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: This sample included 97 girls (aged 7-17 years) who had sustained SCI at least 1 year prior to interview, and who were receiving care at three pediatric SCI centers… Read More »»
PURPOSE: To perform a structured review of the psychometric properties specific to the stroke population of the Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H). This tool measures quality of social participation, an important but under-evaluated aspect of stroke recovery. METHOD: A structured review of publications at MEDLINE; Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library using the following terms:… Read More »»