OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of circuit resistance exercise (CRT) training on muscle strength, endurance, anaerobic power, and shoulder pain in middle-aged men with paraplegia. DESIGN: Repeated testing. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Seven men (age range, 39-58y) with motor-complete paraplegia from T5 to T12 and confirmed shoulder pain occurring during daily activities. INTERVENTIONS: Not… Read More »»
Effects of circuit resistance training on fitness attributes and upper-extremity pain in middle-aged men with paraplegia.
This perspective outlines the theoretical basis for the presentation with the same name as the second part of this title, which was given at the III STEP conference in July 2005. It elaborates on the take-home message from that talk, which was to promote activity in children and adults with cerebral palsy and other central… Read More »»
Effective intervention strategies for management of impaired posture and fatigue with post-polio syndrome: a case report.
This case report describes effective intervention strategies that included gait training with the use of an acceptable, assistive device for the management of impaired posture and fatigue associated with post-polio syndrome. Review of videotaped gait-training sessions enhanced patient compliance with the assistive device, a single forearm crutch. The 49-year-old female acquired childhood polio with resulting… Read More »»
The effects of single bouts of body-weight supported treadmill training on the feeling states of people with spinal cord injury.
STUDY DESIGN: Pre-test, post-test study of the relationship between exercise-related changes in feeling states and pain among persons with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) who performed three separate exercise sessions consisting of body-weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether exercise-related changes in feeling states are related to exercise-related changes in pain and… Read More »»
Increased physical activity is important for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, among people with disabilities, inactivity is prevalent. In order to encourage exercise among members of this group, an exercise system combining arm ergometry with video gaming, called the GAME(Cycle) was previously developed. User input was received through an arm crank ergometer on… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the accessibility of health clubs to persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments. METHODS: We assessed 35 health clubs and fitness facilities as part of a national field trial of a new instrument, Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE), designed to assess accessibility of fitness facilities in the… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to physical fitness faced by individuals with spinal cord injury preventing them from participating in a physical fitness program. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a survey of barriers to exercise was administered to 72 individuals with spinal cord injury. RESULTS: Although 73.6% of the participants expressed an interest in an exercise… Read More »»
Relation between muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness in people with thoracic-level paraplegia.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relation between muscular strength, aerobic power (V O2 peak), submaximal blood lactate accumulation, and endurance performance in people with thoracic-level paraplegia. DESIGN: Participants performed tests of isokinetic strength, a graded exercise test, and 2 endurance performance tests. A Latin square counterbalanced design was used to determine the order of testing. SETTING:… Read More »»
Spinal cord injury is a catastrophic event that immeasurably alters activity and health. Depending on the level and severity of injury, functional and homeostatic decline of many body systems can be anticipated in a large segment of the paralyzed population. The level of physical inactivity and deconditioning imposed by SCI profoundly contrasts the preinjury state… Read More »»
Chronic diseases like MS present unique challenges and opportunities for patients and the medical care system. Patients are challenged because they are under tremendous pressure to actively engage themselves in multiple prevention, treatment, and health maintenance behaviors, often before they feel ready. Health care providers are challenged because health-promotion activities require more time, counseling skills,… Read More »»