Objective: To identify the frequency and manifestations of depression after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the factors that contribute to developing this mood disorder. p. Design: A prospective, nationwide, multicenter study; 17 centers supplied data from medical records and patient responses on a standardized criterion instrument. Setting: Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems programs. Participants: A… Read More »»
Depression after traumatic brain injury: a National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research Model Systems multicenter investigation.
Objective: Accurate information regarding the psychopathological consequences of surviving traumatic injury is of great importance for effective health service design and planning. Regrettably, existing studies vary dramatically in reported prevalence rates of psychopathology within this population. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity following severe injury by adopting a… Read More »»
Adaptation to disability among middle-aged and older adults: the role of assimilative and accommodative coping.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the links among coping, disability, and mental health among adults who are confronted with age-related vision loss. Drawing on the model of assimilative and accommodative coping (e.g., Brandtstadter, 1999), hierarchical regressions were designed to examine the effects of coping and disability on mental health. Participants were 55… Read More »»
Peer rejection, social behavior, and psychological adjustment in children with juvenile rheumatic disease.
Objective: To examine the associations among disease status, social competence, and depressive symptoms in children with juvenile rheumatic disease (JRD) and to test the hypothesis that individual differences in children’s social competence account for a significant proportion of variance in depressive symptoms after controlling for disease status variables. Methods: Thirty-six children with JRD completed standardized… Read More »»
Effect of improving depression care on pain and functional outcomes among older adults with arthritis: a randomized controlled trial.
Context: Depression and arthritis are disabling and common health problems in late life. Depression is also a risk factor for poor health outcomes among arthritis patients. Objective: To determine whether enhancing care for depression improves pain and functional outcomes in older adults with depression and arthritis. Design, Setting, and Participants_: Preplanned subgroup analyses of Improving… Read More »»
Purpose: To determine the relation between depressive symptoms and seizure severity among people with epilepsy. Methods: A postal questionnaire was used to survey a nationwide community sample about seizures and depression. The Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ) assessed the severity and bothersomeness of seizure components. The Centers for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale categorized levels of depression. Results:… Read More »»
This study takes into consideration whether low serum folate levels may contribute to depressive mood in patients with chronic epilepsy. The serum folate levels and the score on the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were examined in 46 patients with chronic epilepsy. Patients with a score indicating at least minor depression on the SDS had a significantly lower… Read More »»
Objective: To assess the relationship between depression and life satisfaction among survivors of traumatic brain injury (TBI) over a 3-year period after injury. It was hypothesized that survivors of TBI with depression would have decreased life satisfaction. Design: Two groups (depression vs no depression) longitudinal design. Methods: Interviewed survivors of TBI (n = 324) by… Read More »»
The influence of health, social support quality and rehabilitation on depression among disabled elders.
This study examined the influence of health, social support, disability, and vision rehabilitation services on depression among visually impaired older adults seeking vision rehabilitation services. Participants (n = 95) were interviewed at application and approximately two years later. The first hierarchical regression model focused on concurrent relationships at baseline. The second model used baseline health… Read More »»
Treatment of previously undiagnosed psychiatric disorders in persons with developmental disabilities decreased or eliminated self-injurious behavior.
Background: Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is one of the most common challenging behaviors in persons with autistic disorder or severe/profound mental retardation. Many psychotropic drugs have been evaluated for their effectiveness in SIB. Results have varied, and no one psychotropic drug has been indicated for SIB. In this prospective, open clinical study, psychotropic drugs were used… Read More »»