Tube Feeding

Changing from oral to enteral feeding: impact on families of children with disabilities.

The number of children in the U.K. who are being fed enterally at home is increasing. Feeding by nasogastric or gastrostomy tube may not seem particularly abnormal to nurses who care for sick children. However, the initiation of tube feeding can have a significant impact on both the child and the family. Research related to […]

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Eating and feeding are not the same: caregivers’ perceptions of gastrostomy feeding for children with cerebral palsy.

Using a semi-structured questionnaire, this descriptive study examined perceptions of feeding and adherence to feeding recommendations for caregivers (26 females; mean age 32y 7mo [SD 9.4y], range 20-59y) of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and a gastrostomy tube (GT). Children in the study (15 females, 11 males; mean age 4y 8mo [SD 3y 11mo], range […]

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To PEG or not to PEG: a review of evidence for placing feeding tubes in advanced dementia and the decision-making process.

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has evolved into a common low-risk procedure in current medical practice. Clinical evidence supporting the use of tube feedings in patients with advanced dementia is clearly lacking, yet PEG procedures continue to be performed in a large number of these cases. In fact, multiple studies have shown that feeding tubes seldom […]

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Medical, surgical, and health outcomes of gastrostomy feeding.

A prospective controlled study with repeated measures before and after surgery examined the medical, surgical, and health outcomes of gastrostomy for children with disabilities at a tertiary paediatric referral centre in the North Thames area, UK. Anthropometric measures included weight, mid-upper-arm and head circumference. Five-day prospective food diaries were completed and data on physical health […]

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The psychosocial impact on parents of tube feeding their child.

A review of 13 papers investigating parents’ experience of long-term tube feeding in disabled children and young people identified a significant impact on parents and families related to oral feeding, decision making and tube feeding itself. Mixed messages and pressure from health professionals and relatives made decision making about tube feeding more difficult for parents. […]

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Tube feeding patients with dementia.

As the population ages, the incidence of dementia increases. All types of dementia, whether they are reversible or irreversible, lead to loss of intellectual function and judgment, memory impairment, and personality changes. The skills to feed oneself, use eating utensils, and consume items recognized as food, thereby maintaining nutrition status, may be lost as dementia […]

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Gastrostomy tube feeding in children with cerebral palsy: a prospective, longitudinal study.

We report a longitudinal, prospective, multicentre cohort study designed to measure the outcomes of gastrostomy tube feeding in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Fifty-seven children with CP (28 females, 29 males; median age 4y 4mo, range 5mo to 17y 3mo) were assessed before gastrostomy placement, and at 6 and 12 months afterwards. Three-quarters of the […]

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Using rapid-cycle quality improvement methodology to reduce feeding tubes in patients with advanced dementia: before and after study.

PROBLEM: Despite lack of evidence that enteral feeding tubes benefit patients with dementia, and often contrary to the wishes of patient and family, patients with dementia who have difficulty swallowing or reduced food intake often receive feeding tubes when hospitalised for an acute illness. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients receiving […]

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Gastrostomy feeding in cerebral palsy: a systematic review.

AIMS: To determine benefits and risks for gastrostomy or jejunostomy feeding compared with oral feeding for children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Systematic review. Search strategy: electronic databases–Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Lilacs, databases of theses, grey literature. INCLUDED: relevant systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials, observational studies, case reports. EXCLUDED: non-systematic reviews and qualitative research. PARTICIPANTS: […]

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Gastrostomy feeding versus oral feeding alone for children with cerebral palsy.

BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) can be significantly disabled in terms of their ability to suck, chew and swallow. This can lead to significant impairment in feeding ability and, eventually, to under-nutrition. It can also result in aspiration of food into the lungs. Feeding time may be considerably increased and, instead of being an […]

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