Socioeconomic Status

Food security among young adults with disabilities in the United States: Findings from the National Health Interview Survey

Debra L. Brucker, M.P.A., Ph.D. Disability and Health Journal, Vol. 9, Issue 2, p 298–305 DOI: Background Prior research has suggested that young adults with disabilities face economic, health and social disadvantage. Food security, an area of disadvantage that can influence overall health, has not been fully explored for this population. Objective To examine… Read More »»

Socioeconomic determinants of disability in Chile

Pedro Zitko Melo, M.D., M.Sc., Báltica Cabieses Valdes, M.Sc. Disability and Health Journal Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 271–282, October 2011   Abstract Background Disability is a worldwide public health priority. A shift from a biomedical perspective of dysfunction to a broader social understanding of disability has been proposed. Among many different social factors described in… Read More »»

Race/ethnic and nativity disparities in later life physical performance: the role of health and socioeconomic status over the life course

Haas SA, Krueger PM, Rohlfsen L.  Center for Population Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-3701, USA.  J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2012 Mar;67(2):238-48. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbr155. Epub 2012 Mar 5. OBJECTIVES: We examine race/ethnic and nativity differences in objective measures of physical performance (i.e., peak expiratory flow, grip strength, and gait speed)… Read More »»

Ethnic disparities in disability among middle-aged and older israeli adults: the role of socioeconomic disadvantage and traumatic life events

Osman A, Walsemann KM.  University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.  J Aging Health. 2013 Apr;25(3):510-31. doi: 10.1177/0898264313478653. OBJECTIVE: We examined the contribution of socioeconomic disadvantage and traumatic life events to ethnic disparities in disability among Israeli adults. METHOD: We used data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel), a… Read More »»

Forgoing physician visits because of cost: a source of health disparities for elderly people with disabilities?

OBJECTIVE:  To examine disparities in having a usual source of care and forgoing physician visits because of cost between elderly people (age > or =65y) with and without disabilities after consecutively controlling for predisposing, enabling, and perceived and evaluated health need factors using the Andersen behavioral model, and to identify the determinants of such disparities.… Read More »»

Disproportionality and Learning Disabilities: Parsing Apart Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Language.

The disproportionate identification of learning disabilities among certain sociodemographic subgroups, typically groups that are already disadvantaged, is perceived as a persistent problem within the education system. The academic and social experiences of students who are misidentified with a learning disability may be severely restricted, whereas students with a learning disability who are never identified are… Read More »»

Poverty, socio-economic position, social capital and the health of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in Britain: a replication.

Background When compared with their nonintellectually disabled peers, people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) have poorer health and are more likely to be exposed to poverty during childhood. Given that exposure to child poverty has been linked to poorer health outcomes, we attempted to estimate the extent to which the health inequalities faced by children and… Read More »»

Housing assets and the socio-economic determinants of health and disability in old age.

The influence of socio-economic determinants among the elderly is a complex subject. Although they rely on pension income, the wealth that they have accumulated over their lifetime (primarily housing assets), jointly with housing-related determinants, could have a more significant effect on health production. Hence, owning a house has more potential than income for reducing health… Read More »»

Socioeconomic disadvantage, social participation and networks and the self-rated health of English men and women with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities: cross sectional survey.

BACKGROUND: Extremely high rates of mortality and morbidity have been reported among people with intellectual disabilities. Virtually no research has addressed the potential social determinants of health status within this very vulnerable population. METHOD: Cross-sectional survey of self-reported health status and indicators of socioeconomic disadvantage and social connectedness in 1273 English adults with mild or… Read More »»

Sociodemographic risk factors for autism in a US metropolitan area.

The present study examined the association between autism and sociodemographic factors, overall and in subgroups of children with autism with and without mental retardation (Autism/MR and Autism/No MR, respectively); the association was further examined in subanalyses by child’s source of ascertainment to assess the presence of ascertainment bias. In the main analyses, one marker of… Read More »»