Social Determinants of Health

Sleep duration, life satisfaction and disability

Ricardo Pagan, Ph.D. Disability and Health Journal, Vol. 10, Issue 2, p 334–343 DOI:     Background Although sleep is considered an essential part of individuals’ lives, there are no previous studies analysing how sleep duration affects the levels of life satisfaction reported by males and females with disabilities. Objective/Hypothesis To analyse and compare the impact of hours… Read More »»

Assessing injury-related movement difficulties: A method for analyzing the association between functional limitations and social participation

Mitchell Loeb, M.S., Li-Hui Chen, M.S., Ph.D. National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA Disability and Health Journal Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 102–111, April 2011 Published Online: July 26, 2010 DOI:   Abstract Background The conceptualization of disability has shifted from a medical to a social… Read More »»

Trauma in the Neighborhood: A Geospatial Analysis and Assessment of Social Determinants of Major Injury in North America.

OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify and characterize areas with high rates of major trauma events in 9 diverse cities and counties in the United States and Canada. METHODS: We analyzed a prospective, population-based cohort of injured individuals evaluated by 163 emergency medical service agencies transporting patients to 177 hospitals across the study sites between December… Read More »»

Urban Planning and Health Equity.

Although the fields of urban planning and public health share a common origin in the efforts of reformers to tame the ravages of early industrialization in the 19th century, the 2 disciplines parted ways in the early 20th century as planners increasingly focused on the built environment while public health professionals narrowed in on biomedical… Read More »»

Racial and ethnic approaches to community health: reducing health disparities by addressing social determinants of health.

Poor people and people of color are more likely to live shorter and sicker lives and are less likely to survive a host of chronic illnesses. Policies and organizational practices that improve the environments in which people live, work, learn, and play can reduce these disparities. Using the World Health Organization’s “Call to Action” principles… Read More »»

A community integration approach to social determinants of health in New Mexico.

Lifestyle and Values Impacting Diabetes Awareness (LA VIDA), a community-based diabetes intervention program targeting Hispanics in southwestern New Mexico, addresses social determinants of health by utilizing promotores and collaborating with community partners and health care providers. Using a mixed-methods approach, a program evaluation documented the promotores’ crucial role in providing social support, contributing to social… Read More »»

Lack of access due to costs remains a problem for some in Massachusetts despite the state’s health reforms.

Did the Massachusetts health reforms, which provided near-universal insurance coverage, also address problems of unmet need resulting from the cost of care and of inadequate preventive care for diverse patient groups? We found that nearly a quarter of adults who were in fair or poor health reported being unable to see a doctor because of… Read More »»

Conceptual framework of the Controlling Asthma in American Cities Project.

The Controlling Asthma in American Cities Project (CAACP) was designed to improve the control of asthma in inner-city populations of children with a disparate burden of symptoms and adverse outcomes. As with many chronic diseases, asthma is the manifestation of multiple biologic, environmental, and social determinants. In addition to appropriate medical management, individuals with asthma… Read More »»

Social determinants of state variation in special education participation among preschoolers with developmental delays and disabilities.

Children with developmental disabilities are at risk for secondary complications and lower academic performance, which contributes to lower health and well-being and may be ameliorated by access to special education services. This paper examines state variability in preschool special education participation among a United States population-based cohort with parent-reported developmental delays and disabilities. Analyses explore… Read More »»

Gender-specific profiles of tobacco use among non-institutionalized people with serious mental illness.

BACKGROUND: In many countries, smoking remains the leading preventable cause of death. In North America, reductions in population smoking levels are stabilising and, in recent years, those involved in tobacco control programming have turned their attention to particular segments of society that are at greatest risk for tobacco use. One such group is people with… Read More »»