Sexual Abuse

Childhood physical and sexual abuse and subsequent depressive and anxiety disorders for two American Indian tribes.

BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship of childhood abuse, both physical and sexual, with subsequent lifetime depressive and anxiety disorders–depression or dysthymia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and panic or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)–among American Indians (AIs). METHOD: Three thousand and eighty-four AIs from two tribes–Southwest and Northern Plains–participated in a large-scale, community-based study. Participants were […]

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Psychological disturbance associated with sexual abuse in people with learning disabilities. Case-control study.

Background: The association between sexual abuse, mental health and behavioural problems in people with learning disabilities has not previously been examined in a controlled study. Aims: To identify symptoms of psychological disturbance in adults with and without a confirmed history of sexual abuse. Methods: The study used a matched (1:1) case-control design comparing 54 adults […]

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National survey of sexual behavior and sexual behavior policies in facilities for individuals with mental retardation/developmental disabilities.

To obtain information regarding sexual behavior and related policies in state residential facilities for individuals with mental retardation/developmental disabilities, we sent surveys to 168 members listed in the Association of Public Developmental Disabilities Administrators 1998-1999 directory. Response rate was 68.5%. For the 46 facilities where 50% or fewer of clients had profound retardation, sexual relations […]

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Violence against women with physical disabilities.

This study explored risk factors for violence among a sample of adult women with physical disabilities. Fifty-six percent (100) of the 177 women participating in the study indicated a positive history of abuse. Of the women who reported abuse, most reported multiple abuse situations and abusers who were typically their male partners. In addition, only […]

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Helping women with disabilities and domestic violence: strategies, limitations, and challenges of domestic violence programs and services.

Purpose: To describe the types of services provided to women with disabilities at community-based domestic violence programs in the state of North Carolina, the challenges faced, and strategies used to provide the services. Methods: We conducted a statewide cross-sectional survey of community domestic violence programs and had a response rate of 85%. Results: Of the […]

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Violent victimization of persons with co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders.

Objective: This study examined the frequency with which persons in the community with psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, and both types of disorders are victims of violence. Methods: The relationship between diagnosis, gender, and victimization over a one-year period was examined in two cross-sectional data sets, one drawn from a study of adaptation to community […]

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Capacity to consent to sexual relationships in adults with learning disabilities.

People with learning disabilities used to be seen as asexual or promiscuous and were discouraged from expressing their sexuality. However, with the growth of the rights movement, attention has turned to the dilemma of how to both empower and protect people with learning disabilities in relation to their sexuality. A recent research project showed that, […]

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Jurors’ perceptions of adolescent sexual assault victims who have intellectual disabilities.

Children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities are especially likely to be sexually abused. Even so, their claims are not likely to be heard in court, possibly because people assume that jurors will not believe them. We tested this assumption in a mock-trial study in which 160 men and women watched videotaped excerpts from an actual […]

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Ten-year research update review: child sexual abuse.

Objective: To provide clinicians with current information on prevalence, risk factors, outcomes, treatment, and prevention of child sexual abuse (CSA). To examine the best-documented examples of psychopathology attributable to CSA. Methods: Computer literature searches of and for key words. All English-language articles published after 1989 containing empirical data pertaining to CSA were reviewed. Results: CSA […]

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Clinical effects of sexual abuse on people with learning disability: critical literature review.

Background: There are few publications concerning the psychological reactions of people with learning disabilities to sexual abuse. Most significantly, there are no controlled studies and few which demonstrate a systematic approach to documenting the sequelae of trauma. Aims: To critically review the published research in this field. Methods: A literature search in peer-reviewed psychiatry, psychology, […]

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