Psychiatric Disorders

Unmet need for treatment of substance use disorders and serious psychological distress among veterans: a nationwide analysis using the NSDUH

Golub A, Vazan P, Bennett AS, Liberty HJ. Mil Med. 2013 Jan;178(1):107-14. SOURCE:  National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA. Many veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq experience serious mental health (MH) concerns including substance use disorders (SUD), post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, depression, or […]

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Perceptions of quality of health care among veterans with psychiatric disorders

Burnett-Zeigler I, Zivin K, Ilgen MA, Islam K, Bohnert AS. Psychiatr Serv. 2011 Sep;62(9):1054-9. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.62.9.1054. SOURCE:  Health Services Research and Development, Veterans AffairsAnn Arbor Healthcare System, 2215 Fuller Rd, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA. in-gerebz@med.umich.edu;  Psychiatr Serv. 2012 Apr;63(4):310. Islam, Khairul [added]. OBJECTIVE:  An estimated 37% to 40% of veterans treated by the U.S. […]

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Racial and ethnic differences in diabetes mellitus among people with and without psychiatric disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

OBJECTIVE:   This study examined racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in a nationally representative sample of adults with and without common psychiatric disorders. METHOD:  Data were drawn from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N=34,653). Logistic regression models adjusting for sociodemographic variables and diabetes risk factors were […]

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Smoking expectancies and intention to quit in smokers with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and non-psychiatric controls.

Cigarette smoking expectancies are systematically related to intention to quit smoking in adult smokers without psychiatric illness, but little is known about these relationships in smokers with serious mental illness. In this study, we compared positive and negative smoking expectancies, and examined relationships between expectancies and intention to quit smoking, in smokers with schizophrenia (n=46), […]

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Tobacco use and cessation in psychiatric disorders: National Institute of Mental Health report.

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) convened a meeting in September 2005 to review tobacco use and dependence and smoking cessation among those with mental disorders, especially individuals with anxiety disorders, depression, or schizophrenia. Smoking rates are exceptionally high among these individuals and contribute to the high rates of medical morbidity and mortality in […]

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Survey of clinician attitudes toward smoking cessation for psychiatric and substance abusing clients.

The current study examined mental health clinician attitudes regarding smoking cessation for psychiatric and substance abusing patients. Participants included n = 15 never smokers, n = 12 former smokers, and n = 7 current smokers. There was a trend (p = 0.08) for current smokers as compared to former and never smokers to be less […]

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Psychiatric interventions with returning soldiers at Walter Reed.

War is a malefic force and results in many psychiatric and medical casualties. Psychiatry’s involvement with soldiers experiencing psychological stress resulting from combat experience has been reported for many years (Zajtchuk, 1995). It has been demonstrated that a myriad of diagnosis to include depression, anxiety, somatoform, adjustment disorders and psychotic behaviors also emerge (Wain et […]

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Subthreshold PTSD in primary care: prevalence, psychiatric disorders, healthcare use, and functional status.

The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its association with specific traumas, other psychiatric diagnoses, healthcare use, and functional status among 669 veterans in four VA Medical Centers. A cross-sectional, epidemiological design incorporating self-report measures, structured interviews, and chart reviews was used to obtain relevant […]

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Use of psychiatric and medical health care by veterans with severe mental illness.

Risk behaviors and health care use among 396 initially hospitalized veterans with severe mental illnesses were examined. Health care use was abstracted from Veterans Affairs databases (March 1998 to June 2000) for one year after hospital discharge. Lifetime intravenous drug use was related to increased use of outpatient services, and current alcohol use was related […]

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Violent victimization of persons with co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders.

Objective: This study examined the frequency with which persons in the community with psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, and both types of disorders are victims of violence. Methods: The relationship between diagnosis, gender, and victimization over a one-year period was examined in two cross-sectional data sets, one drawn from a study of adaptation to community […]

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