Poverty

Racial and ethnic approaches to community health: reducing health disparities by addressing social determinants of health.

Poor people and people of color are more likely to live shorter and sicker lives and are less likely to survive a host of chronic illnesses. Policies and organizational practices that improve the environments in which people live, work, learn, and play can reduce these disparities. Using the World Health Organization’s “Call to Action” principles […]

Read More »»

Health disparities in low-income families with infants and toddlers: needs and challenges related to disability.

This study examines disparities in health status, health care utilization, insurance coverage and satisfaction in US low-income parents of infants and toddlers with disabilities compared to low-income parents of children without disabilities. The Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project is a longitudinal study involving 2087 families in 17 communities across the United States. Families […]

Read More »»

Lack of access due to costs remains a problem for some in Massachusetts despite the state’s health reforms.

Did the Massachusetts health reforms, which provided near-universal insurance coverage, also address problems of unmet need resulting from the cost of care and of inadequate preventive care for diverse patient groups? We found that nearly a quarter of adults who were in fair or poor health reported being unable to see a doctor because of […]

Read More »»

Social determinants of mental health treatment among Haitian, African American, and White youth in community health centers.

We examine adequate mental health treatment, emergency room (ER) use, and early treatment dropout for Haitian, African American and White youth with a psychiatric diagnosis treated in community health centers in the United States. We present associations with possible socioeconomic determinants of care. Adequate treatment was less likely among Haitian youth from areas with greater […]

Read More »»

Childhood socioeconomic position and disability in later life: results of the health and retirement study.

OBJECTIVES: We used a life course approach to assess the ways in which childhood socioeconomic position may be associated with disability in later life. METHODS: We used longitudinal data from the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study (1998-2006) to examine associations between parental education, paternal occupation, and disabilities relating to activities of daily living (ADLs) […]

Read More »»

Poverty, socio-economic position, social capital and the health of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in Britain: a replication.

Background When compared with their nonintellectually disabled peers, people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) have poorer health and are more likely to be exposed to poverty during childhood. Given that exposure to child poverty has been linked to poorer health outcomes, we attempted to estimate the extent to which the health inequalities faced by children and […]

Read More »»

Poverty and people with intellectual disabilities.

Epidemiological studies have consistently reported a significant association between poverty and the prevalence of intellectual disabilities. The available evidence suggests that this association reflects two distinct processes. First, poverty causes intellectual disabilities, an effect mediated through the association between poverty and exposure to a range of environmental and psychosocial hazards. Second, families supporting a child […]

Read More »»

Mitigating effect of Department of Veterans Affairs disability benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder on low income.

OBJECTIVE: The goal was to assess the impact of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on veterans’ odds of poverty. Women and African American veterans were of special interest, because they are less likely than other groups to receive PTSD disability benefits. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 4,918 veterans who applied […]

Read More »»

Physical activity interventions in low-income, ethnic minority, and populations with disability.

Background: Low-income, racial and ethnic minority, and populations with disabilities are more likely to be sedentary than the general population. Increasing physical activity in these groups is an important public health challenge. This report summarizes interventions that have targeted populations at risk for inactivity. Methods: Computer and manual searches were performed to identify manuscripts published […]

Read More »»