Paralysis

The Paralyzed Veterans of America (PVA)

Format             service organization    The Paralyzed Veterans of America, a congressionally chartered veterans service organization, has developed expertise on a wide variety of issues involving the special needs of its members, who are veterans of the armed forces who have experienced spinal cord injury or dysfunction.  PVA uses its expertise to advocate for: quality health […]

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Maintaining support in people with paralysis: what works?

Social support is a protective factor for well-being in the risk-and-resilience framework, yet people with paralysis report lower levels of support compared to people without paralysis. Rather than examine deficits, in this study, the authors conducted in-depth interviews with individuals who report high levels of social support to examine what sustains this protective factor. Because […]

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Accessibility of health clubs for people with mobility disabilities and visual impairments.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the accessibility of health clubs to persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments. METHODS: We assessed 35 health clubs and fitness facilities as part of a national field trial of a new instrument, Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE), designed to assess accessibility of fitness facilities in the […]

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A Public Health Action Plan For Paralysis And Similar Mobility Impairments

Paralysis Task Force convened by the Christopher Reeve Paralysis Foundation and funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Format             Public Health Action Plan       In 2004, the Paralysis Task Force met to develop a Public Health Action Plan for Paralysis, a draft of which was released for review by Task Force members.  Some […]

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“Executive Summary: Developing an Action Plan to Improve the Quality and the Quantity of Data about Paralysis”

September 2005   Format             Report   In October, 2004, researchers from the University of Kansas started a one-year project to: 1) investigate how paralysis is being measured in this country, 2) examine the validity of prevalence and incidence estimates based on these approaches, and 3) identify successful measurement reporting systems. Because data specific to paralysis […]

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Perceived barriers to exercise in people with spinal cord injury.

OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to physical fitness faced by individuals with spinal cord injury preventing them from participating in a physical fitness program. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a survey of barriers to exercise was administered to 72 individuals with spinal cord injury. RESULTS: Although 73.6% of the participants expressed an interest in an exercise […]

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Relation between muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness in people with thoracic-level paraplegia.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the relation between muscular strength, aerobic power (V O2 peak), submaximal blood lactate accumulation, and endurance performance in people with thoracic-level paraplegia. DESIGN: Participants performed tests of isokinetic strength, a graded exercise test, and 2 endurance performance tests. A Latin square counterbalanced design was used to determine the order of testing. SETTING: […]

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Exercise as a health-promoting activity following spinal cord injury.

Spinal cord injury is a catastrophic event that immeasurably alters activity and health. Depending on the level and severity of injury, functional and homeostatic decline of many body systems can be anticipated in a large segment of the paralyzed population. The level of physical inactivity and deconditioning imposed by SCI profoundly contrasts the preinjury state […]

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Health promotion in people with multiple sclerosis.

Chronic diseases like MS present unique challenges and opportunities for patients and the medical care system. Patients are challenged because they are under tremendous pressure to actively engage themselves in multiple prevention, treatment, and health maintenance behaviors, often before they feel ready. Health care providers are challenged because health-promotion activities require more time, counseling skills, […]

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Long-term body-weight-supported treadmill training and subsequent follow-up in persons with chronic SCI: effects on functional walking ability and measures of subjective well-being.

STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, prospective within-subject design. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine the effects of long-term body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) on functional walking ability and perceived quality of life in persons with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), and (2) to investigate whether training adaptations are maintained following cessation of the BWSTT programme. SETTING: Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. […]

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