Health Care Professionals

Environmental toxicants and developmental disabilities: a challenge for psychologists.

Developmental, learning, and behavioral disabilities are a significant public health problem. Environmental chemicals can interfere with brain development during critical periods, thereby impacting sensory, motor, and cognitive function. Because regulation in the United States is based on limited testing protocols and essentially requires proof of harm rather than proof of lack of harm, some undefined […]

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Preparing dental graduates to provide care to individuals with special needs.

In 2004, the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) adopted a new standard that directs dental and dental hygiene programs to prepare dental professionals for the care of persons with special health care needs. This article reviews the demographics of individuals with special needs, documents that most dental schools provide their students with very limited educational […]

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Disability studies and health care curriculum: the great divide.

Models or paradigms of disability are used to guide health care professionals’ perceptions so that they can serve people with disabilities, enhance their futures, and facilitate the resources they need. Health care curricula, which in essence train students to make such decisions, are influenced by these models. The medical model, which locates disability within the […]

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Effects of a disability awareness and skills training workshop on senior medical students as assessed with self ratings and performance on a standardized patient case.

BACKGROUND: People with disabilities compose one of the largest and fastest growing subgroups of the U.S. population. Disability and rehabilitation issues are not well covered in most North American medical school curricula. This article describes the development and assessment of a 3-hr workshop for medical students on disability skills and awareness. DESCRIPTION: Fourth-year medical students […]

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Evaluation of the effects of an inservice training program on nursing faculty members’ perceptions, knowledge, and concerns about students with disabilities.

This study evaluated the effects of an inservice program on the perceptions, knowledge, and concerns of nursing faculty members about students with disabilities. Training was delivered to 112 faculty members in eight nursing programs. Using a 6-point Likert scale, faculty members rated their perceptions of whether people with different types of disabilities could succeed as […]

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Communicating about health care: observations from persons who are deaf or hard of hearing.

BACKGROUND: Achieving patient-centered care requires effective communication between physicians and patients. Persons who are deaf or hard of hearing face considerable barriers to communicating with physicians. OBJECTIVE: To understand perceptions of health care experiences and suggestions for improving care among deaf or hard-of-hearing individuals. DESIGN: 4 semistructured group interviews, 2 conducted in American Sign Language […]

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Increasing disability awareness of future spinal cord injury physicians.

OBJECTIVE: This prospective study was designed to evaluate a disability awareness training program for medical students. METHODS: First- and second-year medical school students participated in an interactive disability awareness program consisting of 6 sessions spaced across 1 year. The Modified Issues in Disability Scale (MIDS), administered at program commencement and completion, was used to measure […]

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Spinal cord injury computer-assisted instruction for medical students.

OBJECTIVE: To determine if a computer-assisted instruction program would improve fourth-year medical students’ knowledge base related to spinal cord injury, as determined by pretest and posttest scores. DESIGN: A multimedia computer-assisted instruction program was developed and offered on a volunteer basis to an entire class of fourth-year medical students (n = 168). Effectiveness of the […]

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The effect of curriculum on the attitudes of nursing students toward disability.

Societal attitudes toward people with differing abilities are often based on a lack of understanding, fear of the unknown, and stereotypes learned from others. Nursing students enter their educational programs with similar attitudes and experiences. Attitudes of nurses are key to how they respond toward individuals with disabilities and chronic illnesses. The nurses’ attitudes affect […]

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Medical students’ attitudes toward persons with disability: a comparative study.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate first-year medical students’ attitudes toward persons with disability and to examine whether gender and a background in disability determine attitudes toward persons with disability. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University settings in the United States and Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety first-year medical students (US, n=46; Canada, n=44) were surveyed. INTERVENTION: Medical students given […]

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