Ethnicity

A comparison of Autism Spectrum Disorder DSM-IV criteria and associated features among African American and white children in Philadelphia County

Neelam Kharod Sell, M.D., Ellen Giarelli, Ed.D., R.N., C.R.N.P., Nathan Blum, M.D., Alexandra L. Hanlon, Ph.D., Susan E. Levy, M.D. Disability and Health Journal Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 9–17, January 2012 Published Online: October 31, 2011 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2011.08.002   Abstract Background Racial differences are documented in the timing and type of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) […]

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Affective interactions in medical visits: ethnic differences among American Indian older adults

Garroutte EM, Sarkisian N, Karamnov S.  Department of Sociology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA. eva.garroutte@bc.edu.  J Aging Health. 2012 Oct;24(7):1223-51. Epub 2012 Sep 4. OBJECTIVE: Investigate influence of ethnicity on older American Indian patients’ interpretations of providers’ affective behaviors. METHOD: Using data from 115 older American Indian patients, random effects ordered logit models […]

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Progressive and accelerated disability onset by race/ethnicity and education among late midlife and older adults

Latham K.  University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248, USA. kelatham@umich.edu.  J Aging Health. 2012 Dec;24(8):1320-45. doi: 10.1177/0898264312459345. Epub 2012 Sep 14. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the pace of severe disability onset with an emphasis on the role of race/ethnicity and education. More specifically, this research examines whether race/ethnicity and educational attainment are independent predictors […]

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Vulnerability of older Latino and Asian immigrants with limited English proficiency

Kim G, Worley CB, Allen RS, Vinson L, Crowther MR, Parmelee P, Chiriboga DA.  Center for Mental Health and Aging, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA. Giyeon.Kim@ua.edu.  J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Jul;59(7):1246-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03483.x. Epub 2011 Jun 30. OBJECTIVES: To explore the implications of limited English proficiency (LEP) for disparities in health status […]

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Theory-guided selection of discrimination measures for racial/ ethnic health disparities research among older adults

Thrasher AD, Clay OJ, Ford CL, Stewart AL.  University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, NC 27599-7440, USA. angela.thrasher@unc.edu.  J Aging Health. 2012 Sep;24(6):1018-43. doi: 10.1177/0898264312440322. Epub 2012 Mar 26. OBJECTIVE: Discrimination may contribute to health disparities among older adults. Existing measures of perceived discrimination have provided important insights but may have […]

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Community Integration Research: Traumatic Brain Injury & Ethnic Differences

Perceptions of Community Integration in an Ethnically Diverse Sample. Sander AM, Pappadis MR, Clark AN, Struchen MA.  Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine (Drs Sander, Clark, and Struchen); Harris County Hospital District (Dr Sander); Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann (Drs Sander, Clark, and Struchen and Ms Pappadis); and Graduate […]

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Racial and ethnic differences in diabetes mellitus among people with and without psychiatric disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

OBJECTIVE:   This study examined racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in a nationally representative sample of adults with and without common psychiatric disorders. METHOD:  Data were drawn from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N=34,653). Logistic regression models adjusting for sociodemographic variables and diabetes risk factors were […]

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Relationship of race/ethnicity and income to community integration following traumatic brain injury: investigation in a non-rehabilitation trauma sample.

The purpose of the current study was to determine the contribution of race/ethnicity and income to community integration at approximately 6 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 151 persons with mild to severe TBI (38% Black; 38% Hispanic; 24% White) recruited from consecutive admissions to the Neurosurgery service of a county Level I […]

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Racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status among adults with and without disabilities–United States, 2004-2006.

Self-rated health status has been found to be an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality, and racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status persist among the U.S. adult population. Black and Hispanic adults are more likely to report their general health status as fair or poor compared with white adults. In addition, the prevalence of disability […]

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Does race influence age of diagnosis for children with developmental delay?

BACKGROUND:  Early identification of developmental delay is important for ensuring that children receive the early intervention services they need. Racial disparities exist for a number of childhood conditions, but it is not known whether there are racial disparities in the age of diagnosis with developmental delay. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS:  This study aimed to determine the mean age of diagnosis with […]

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