Epilepsy

Functional difficulties and school limitations of children with epilepsy: Findings from the 2009–2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs

Presentations of preliminary results: Lukacs SL, Pastor PN, Kobau R, Helmers S. Epilepsy and functional difficulties of US children with special health care needs. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. May 6, 2013. Patricia N. Pastor, Ph.D., Cynthia A. Reuben, M.A., Rosemarie Kobau, M.P.H., M.A.P.P., Sandra L. Helmers, M.D., M.P.H., Susan Lukacs, D.O., M.S.P. DOI: […]

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Sexuality Programs & Resources: Epilepsy

“Epilepsy and Sexual Relations” The Epilepsy Foundation           Format             Online Article   This article answers the questions:  1) What makes a person want to have sex, 2) How often should a person have sex, 3) Could  epilepsy cause problems when one is sexually active, 4) What kind of sexual problems can occur due to epilepsy, […]

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Reproductive and sexual dysfunction in men with epilepsy.

Disturbances of reproductive and sexual health are common in people with epilepsy. Their etiology is not well understood but appears to be multifactorial, and both epilepsy itself and drugs used to treat it are implicated. Physiologically, sex steroid hormone levels, the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, and testicular function can be affected in men with epilepsy. Psychosocial complications […]

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Sexuality in women with epilepsy.

Most women with epilepsy maintain normal reproductive cycles and sexual lives. However, a significant minority, approximately 20-30%, have some degree of sexual dysfunction, including problems with seizure exacerbation, libido, arousal, and orgasm. Fluctuating hormone levels may contribute to an array of reproductive cycling abnormalities. With regard to sexual dysfunction, there is some evidence of reduced […]

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Human sexuality, sex hormones, and epilepsy.

The function of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis (HPA), including the production of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, and prolactin, and the concentrations and metabolism of its end products, such as estrogen, testosterone, and dehydroepiandrosterone, appear to be modified in many people with epilepsy. Effects of the disorder itself and effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) both […]

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Sexual dysfunction, sex steroid hormone abnormalities, and depression in women with epilepsy treated with antiepileptic drugs.

Women with epilepsy are believed to be at risk for sexual dysfunction. Disorders of sexual desire and sexual arousal, including dyspareunia, vaginismus, and lack of lubrication, affect an estimated 30 to 60% of women with epilepsy. In this study, 57 reproductive-aged women with either localization related (LRE) or primary generalized epilepsy (PGE) on antiepileptic drug […]

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Sexual hormones and epilepsy: threat and opportunities.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews recent developments in our knowledge of the reciprocal interactions between epilepsy and sex hormones and how these interactions may play a role in the pathophysiology and treatment of both. RECENT FINDINGS: Community studies confirm that menstrual disorders are overrepresented among women with epilepsy, especially among women with high seizure […]

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The influence of comorbid depression on seizure severity.

Purpose: To determine the relation between depressive symptoms and seizure severity among people with epilepsy. Methods: A postal questionnaire was used to survey a nationwide community sample about seizures and depression. The Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ) assessed the severity and bothersomeness of seizure components. The Centers for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale categorized levels of depression. Results: […]

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Low serum folate levels as a risk factor for depressive mood in patients with chronic epilepsy.

This study takes into consideration whether low serum folate levels may contribute to depressive mood in patients with chronic epilepsy. The serum folate levels and the score on the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were examined in 46 patients with chronic epilepsy. Patients with a score indicating at least minor depression on the SDS had a significantly lower […]

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