Elderly

Artificial environments and an aging population: designing for age-related functional losses.

Over the past century there has been a large and continuing increase in the frequency of persons aged over 65 years; particularly those aged over 100 years. During the 21st century the number of persons over 100 years will continue to increase. This will occur at such a rapid rate that the 21st century may […]

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Minority Research: Latino Population

A Look at the Decisions Hispanic Families Make After the Diagnosis of Deafness Annie Steinberg, M.D., Lisa Bain, M.A., Yuelin Li, Ph.D., Louise Montoya, M.A., N.C.C., C.S.C., and Vivian Ruperto of the Children’s Seashore House at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Copyright © 2002 by Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center Gallaudet University, Washington, D.C. […]

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The influence of health, social support quality and rehabilitation on depression among disabled elders.

This study examined the influence of health, social support, disability, and vision rehabilitation services on depression among visually impaired older adults seeking vision rehabilitation services. Participants (n = 95) were interviewed at application and approximately two years later. The first hierarchical regression model focused on concurrent relationships at baseline. The second model used baseline health […]

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Vitamin B12, folate, and homocysteine in depression: the Rotterdam Study.

Objective: The associations of vitamin B(12), folate, and homocysteine with depression were examined in a population-based study. Methods: The authors screened 3,884 elderly people for depressive symptoms. Subjects with positive screening results had psychiatric workups. Folate, vitamin B(12), and homocysteine blood levels were compared in 278 persons with depressive symptoms, including 112 with depressive disorders, […]

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Temporal and reciprocal relationship between IADL/ADL disability and depressive symptoms in late life.

A strong association between functional disability and depressive symptoms in older people has frequently been reported. Some studies attribute this association to the disabling effects of depression, others to the depressogenic effects of physical health-related disability. The authors examined the reciprocal effects between depressive symptoms and functional disability and their temporal character in a community-based […]

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Informal caregiving for diabetes and diabetic complications among elderly Americans.

OBJECTIVES: Little is known regarding the amount of time spent by unpaid caregivers providing help to elderly individuals for disabilities associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). We sought to obtain nationally representative estimates of the time, and associated cost, of informal caregiving provided to elderly individuals with diabetes, and to determine the complications of DM that […]

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Spotlight on sertraline in the management of major depressive disorder in elderly patients.

Sertraline is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) with well established antidepressant and anxiolytic activity. Results from several well designed trials show that sertraline (50-200 mg/day) is effective in the treatment of major depressive disorder in elderly patients (> or =60 years of age). Primary endpoints in most studies included the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale […]

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Qigong as a psychosocial intervention for depressed elderly with chronic physical illnesses.

Literature uncovers that depression is common in elderly people. The problem is more serious in elderly with chronic physical illnesses. Although the relationship between physical problems and depression is well documented, the underlying mechanism is basically unknown. This article proposed after a comprehensive literature review that depression in elderly with chronic physical illnesses results from […]

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Disability Policy Research: Population Estimates

History, implementation, and current status of the National Spinal Cord Injury Database. Stover SL, DeVivo MJ, Go BK. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999 Nov;80(11):1365-71 Objective: To summarize a 25-year history of the Model Spinal Cord Injury Program and the coexistent National Spinal Cord […]

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Vitamin B(12) deficiency and depression in physically disabled older women: epidemiologic evidence from the Women’s Health and Aging Study.

Objective: It has been hypothesized that adequate concentrations of vitamin B(12) and folate are essential to maintain the integrity of the neurological systems involved in mood regulation, but epidemiologic evidence for such a link in the general population is unavailable. This study examined whether community-dwelling older women with metabolically significant vitamin B(12) or folate deficiency […]

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