Down Syndrome

Comparison of bioelectrical impedance and DXA for measuring body composition among adults with Down syndrome

Michael R. Esco, Ph.D., Brett S. Nickerson, Ph.D., Angela R. Russell, M.Ed. Disability and Health Journal, Vol. 10, Issue 4, p548–551 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2017.03.009   Background Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have been shown to display high levels of adiposity and a unique body shape. Laboratory methods used to evaluate body composition might be too cumbersome for this special population. Therefore, field […]

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Reliability and convergent validity of the 6-min run test in young adults with Down syndrome

Carlos Ayán-Pérez, Ph.D. in Sport Sciences, R. Iván Martínez-Lemos, Ph.D. in Sport Sciences, José M. Cancela-Carral, Ph.D. in Sport Sciences Disability and Health Journal, January 2017, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 105–113 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.07.004   Background There is limited evidence about the psychometric properties of field tests to measure cardiorespiratory fitness in people with Down syndrome. Objective This study […]

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Percentage of body fat in adolescents with Down syndrome: Estimation from skinfolds

  Alejandro González-Agüero, Ph.D.d, , Ángel Matute-Llorente, M.Sc.d, Alba Gómez-Cabello, Ph.D.,Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, Ph.D., José A. Casajús, Ph.D., M.D. Disability and Health Journal, January 2017, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 100–104 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.013   Background Adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) have a unique morphology and body shape, and this needs to be taken into account when assessing body fat percentage (BF%). Objective […]

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A qualitative and quantitative analysis of the New Zealand media portrayal of Down syndrome

S. Wardell, B.A. (Hons.), R.P. Fitzgerald, Ph.D., B.A., M. Legge, Ph.D., B.Sc., K. Clift, M.A., B.A. Disability and Health Journal, Vol. 7, Issue 2, p242–250 Published online: December 13, 2013 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2013.11.006 Background There are only a small number of studies that systematically explore the tensions between the global shift to universal screening and the […]

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A population-based assessment of the health, functional status, and consequent family impact among children with Down syndrome

Laura A. Schieve, Ph.D., Sheree L. Boulet, Dr.P.H., Michael D. Kogan, Ph.D., Kim Van Naarden-Braun, Ph.D., Coleen A. Boyle, Ph.D. Although the currently accepted terminology for mental retardation is “intellectual disability,” we use the term “mental retardation” in describing our results because this was the term used in the NS-CSHCN instrument and we wanted to […]

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Nutritional status of intellectual disabled persons with Down syndrome

Soler Marín A, Xandri Graupera JM.  Departamento de Tecnología de la Alimentación y Nutrición, Universidad Católica San Antonio, and Unidad de Nutrición y Dietética, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca de Murcia, Murcia, Spain.  Nutr Hosp. 2011 Sep-Oct;26(5):1059-66. doi: 10.1590/S0212-16112011000500021. BACKGROUND: To evaluate the nutritional status in young adults with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: 38 […]

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Down Syndrome and Nutrition

 National Center for Physical Activity and Disability   Format             Fact Sheet   This fact sheet has information on nutritional needs as well as approaches to healthy lifestyles for people with Down syndrome. Contact URL  http://www.ncpad.org/nutrition/fact_sheet.php?sheet=197&view=all Contact Agency National Center on Physical Activity and Disability 1640 W. Roosevelt Road Chicago, IL 60608-6904 (800) 900-8086

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The impact of aging on eating, drinking, and swallowing function in people with Down’s syndrome.

Many people with Down’s syndrome (DS) experience eating, drinking, and swallowing (EDS) difficulties, which can potentially lead to life-threatening conditions such as malnutrition, dehydration, and aspiration pneumonia. As the life expectancy of people with DS continues to improve, there is an increasing need to examine how the aging process may further affect these conditions. Published […]

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Early menopause in women with Down’s syndrome.

We used the AAMR’s Adaptive Behavior Scale to ascertain current menstrual status in a population-based sample of 157 women with Down’s syndrome (DS) and 187 women with other intellectual disability, all 40 years of age or older. The age-adjusted likelihood of menopause was twice as high in women with DS syndrome as in women with other […]

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Improvements in physical fitness in adults with Down syndrome.

The effectiveness of an exercise training program for 52 adults with Down syndrome (M age = 39.4 years) was evaluated. The training program consisted of cardiovascular (30 minutes) and strength exercise (15 minutes) for 12 weeks, 3 days a week for 45-minutes per session. Compared to control subjects, the training group improved significantly in cardiovascular […]

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