Depression

Intellectual disabilities, depressive episode, diagnostic criteria and Diagnostic Criteria for Psychiatric Disorders for Use with Adults with Learning Disabilities/Mental Retardation (DC-LD).

Background: Depressive episode is one of the most common types of psychiatric illness that occurs in adults with intellectual disabilities. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was undertaken using Medline, PsychLIT and hand-searching of key journals. This paper reviews the evidence and integrates findings, to report how evidence relates to the development of the new Diagnostic […]

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Depressive symptoms in intellectual disability: does gender play a role?

Background: Gender issues remain largely unaddressed in the dual diagnosis arena, even in the area of depression where there is a 2:1 female to male ratio in the general population. This paper argues that women with intellectual disability (ID) report higher levels of depressive symptoms than men with ID and that risk factors for depression […]

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Pilot evaluation of a mindfulness-based intervention to improve quality of life among individuals who sustained traumatic brain injuries.

Objective: To examine the potential efficacy of a mindfulness-based stress reduction approach to improve quality of life in individuals who have suffered traumatic brain injuries. Design: Pre-post design with drop-outs as controls. Methods: We recruited individuals with mild to moderate brain injuries, at least 1 year post-injury. We measured their quality of life, psychological status, […]

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Health-related quality of life and depression in an Italian sample of multiple sclerosis patients.

Only few publications have been reported on Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). EDSS is the most common outcome measure for either impairment or disability of MS, but it is not able to catch other aspects of MS impact on HRQoL.The authors performed a cross-sectional study on the group of […]

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Quality of life of adolescents with perceived disabilities.

Objective: To compare the self-perceived quality of life (QoL) of adolescents with and without disabilities. Methods: A school-based survey was conducted with 2801 7th to 12th grade students in a rural area of the United States. The Youth Quality of Life Instrument-Surveillance Module and the Youth Quality of Life Group-Disability Screener were completed. Results: Twenty-one […]

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Development and psychometric properties of the Glasgow Depression Scale for people with a Learning Disability. Individual and career supplement versions.

Background: There is no reliable and valid self-report measure of depressive symptoms for people with learning disabilities. AIMS: To develop a scale for individuals with learning disability, and a supplementary scale for carers. Methods: Items were generated from a range of assessment scales and through focus groups. A draft scale was piloted and field tested […]

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The acceptability of treatment for depression among African-American, Hispanic, and white primary care patients.

BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority patients are less likely than white patients to receive guideline-concordant care for depression. It is uncertain whether racial and ethnic differences exist in patient beliefs, attitudes, and preferences for treatment. METHODS: A telephone survey was conducted of 829 adult patients (659 non-Hispanic whites, 97 African Americans, 73 Hispanics) recruited from primary care […]

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Depression and folate status in the US Population.

Background: Folate deficiency and low folate status have been linked in clinic studies to depression, persistent depressive symptoms, and poor antidepressant response. These relationships have not been demonstrated in general populations. This study examined associations between depression and folate status indicators in an ethnically diverse general US population sample aged 15-39 years. Methods: Healthy subjects […]

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Gender analyses of nursing home residents with multiple sclerosis.

Objective: To present gender comparisons of residents with multiple sclerosis (MS) at admission to nursing facilities, including demographic characteristics, health measures, and treatments. Methods: We analyzed 13,998 admission assessments in the Minimum Data Set for residents with MS recorded between June 23, 1998 and December 31, 2000. p. Results: Although both male and female residents […]

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Folate for depressive disorders.

Background: There are a number of effective interventions for the treatment of depression. It is possible that the efficacy of these treatments will be improved further by the use of adjunctive therapies such as folate. Objective: 1. To determine the effectiveness of folate in the treatment of depression 2. To determine the adverse effects and […]

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