Depression

Depressive Symptoms and Clinical Depression and People with Disabilities: Prevalence

BRIEFING SUMMARY This briefing summary provides an overview of some of the issues involved with depressive symptoms and clinical depression in people with disabilities, as well as a discussion of prevalence. Definition of Depressive Symptoms and Clinical Depression First, it is important to distinguish between dysthymic disorder (symptoms of chronic, mild depression persisting for at […]

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The impact of depressive symptoms on alcohol and cigarette consumption following treatment for alcohol and nicotine dependence.

BACKGROUND: Although depression is common among alcohol and tobacco dependent patients, its impact on treatment outcomes is not well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of depressive symptoms on abstinence from tobacco and alcohol after treatment for alcohol dependence and nicotine dependence. METHODS: The Timing of Alcohol and Smoking Cessation […]

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The Effect of Depressive Symptoms on the Association Between Functional Status and Social Participation.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to examine the interactive effects of depressive symptoms and lower extremity functioning on social participation for a group of moderately to severely disabled older women. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional community based sample, enrolled in the Women’s Health and Aging Study I, randomly selected from the […]

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Lifetime physical and sexual abuse, substance abuse, depression, and suicide attempts among Native American women.

Although there is preliminary evidence that violence against women and children may be particularly prevalent in some Native American communities, associations between abuse and substance abuse, mental health problems, and suicide attempts have rarely been studied in this population. This study examined lifetime and current physical and sexual abuse among 30 Native American women. Nearly […]

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Childhood physical and sexual abuse and subsequent depressive and anxiety disorders for two American Indian tribes.

BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship of childhood abuse, both physical and sexual, with subsequent lifetime depressive and anxiety disorders–depression or dysthymia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and panic or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)–among American Indians (AIs). METHOD: Three thousand and eighty-four AIs from two tribes–Southwest and Northern Plains–participated in a large-scale, community-based study. Participants were […]

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Perceived discrimination, traditional practices, and depressive symptoms among American Indians in the upper Midwest.

American Indian adults are thought to experience significant depressive symptoms at rates several times higher than adults in the general population, yet we know very little about factors associated with depressive symptoms among this under studied group. Many researchers have argued that depressive symptoms are associated with conflicts between American Indian traditional cultural values, practices, […]

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Increasing lifestyle physical activity in patients with depression or other serious mental illness.

People with severe and persistent mental illness are more likely to be overweight and to suffer from obesity-related illnesses such as diabetes and heart disease than healthy individuals. Lifestyle change interventions that emphasize integrating physical activity into daily life have not been studied extensively in people with mental illness. The authors present the results of […]

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Sexual dysfunction, sex steroid hormone abnormalities, and depression in women with epilepsy treated with antiepileptic drugs.

Women with epilepsy are believed to be at risk for sexual dysfunction. Disorders of sexual desire and sexual arousal, including dyspareunia, vaginismus, and lack of lubrication, affect an estimated 30 to 60% of women with epilepsy. In this study, 57 reproductive-aged women with either localization related (LRE) or primary generalized epilepsy (PGE) on antiepileptic drug […]

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Acceptance of nicotine dependence treatment among currently depressed smokers.

This study reports on baseline characteristics associated with acceptance and refusal of available smoking treatment among currently depressed smokers in a psychiatric outpatient clinic who were enrolled in a larger clinical trial. The sample (N=154) was 68% female and 72% White, with a mean age of 41.4 years and average smoking rate of 17 cigarettes/day. […]

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Prevalence and correlates of depression among veterans with multiple sclerosis.

OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of major depressive episode (MDE) in a large sample of veterans with multiple sclerosis (MS); to identify demographic characteristics, aspects of disease presentation, and perceptions of disability associated with greater concurrent risk for MDE; and to examine the relationship between MDE, service utilization, and activity participation. METHODS: Veterans with MS […]

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