Dementia

To PEG or not to PEG: a review of evidence for placing feeding tubes in advanced dementia and the decision-making process.

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has evolved into a common low-risk procedure in current medical practice. Clinical evidence supporting the use of tube feedings in patients with advanced dementia is clearly lacking, yet PEG procedures continue to be performed in a large number of these cases. In fact, multiple studies have shown that feeding tubes seldom […]

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A planning system based on Markov decision processes to guide people with dementia through activities of daily living.

Older adults with dementia often cannot remember how to complete activities of daily living and require a caregiver to aid them through the steps involved. The use of a computerized guidance system could potentially reduce the reliance on a caregiver. This paper examines the design and preliminary evaluation of a planning system that uses Markov […]

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Tube feeding patients with dementia.

As the population ages, the incidence of dementia increases. All types of dementia, whether they are reversible or irreversible, lead to loss of intellectual function and judgment, memory impairment, and personality changes. The skills to feed oneself, use eating utensils, and consume items recognized as food, thereby maintaining nutrition status, may be lost as dementia […]

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Using rapid-cycle quality improvement methodology to reduce feeding tubes in patients with advanced dementia: before and after study.

PROBLEM: Despite lack of evidence that enteral feeding tubes benefit patients with dementia, and often contrary to the wishes of patient and family, patients with dementia who have difficulty swallowing or reduced food intake often receive feeding tubes when hospitalised for an acute illness. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients receiving […]

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Therapeutic kitchens for residents with dementia.

Long-term care facilities are increasingly incorporating some sort of kitchen, often referred to as a therapeutic kitchen, for resident, staff, and family use through remodeling efforts or new construction. A study, consisting of five site visits and a questionnaire mailed to 631 facilities providing dementia care, was conducted to identify physical features that are typically […]

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Depression and dementia in aging adults with Down syndrome: a case study approach.

Patterns of symptoms associated with depression and dementia were examined in 3 aging adults with Down syndrome. A case study approach (Yin, 1994) was employed to identify and link these symptoms. Results of the case analyses provide further insight into distinguishing between depression and dementia in older persons with Down syndrome.

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