Community

Putting the puzzle together: reducing vulnerability through people-focused planning.

Supporting and integrating vulnerable persons into emergency management has emerged as an increasing priority in emergency management in Canada. Events such as the 2003 European heat wave and Hurricane Katrina have shown that disasters almost always have the harshest affects on the frail elderly, people with disabilities, the disadvantaged and the least able. While it […]

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Development of a measure of sense of community for individuals with serious mental illness residing in community settings.

The psychological sense of community is one of the most commonly investigated constructs in community psychology. Sense of community may be particularly important for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) because they often face societal barriers to participation in community living, including stigma and discrimination. To date, no published studies have investigated the psychometric qualities […]

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Addressing smoking in community drug abuse treatment programs: practical and policy considerations.

Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. This public health problem is of particular concern among individuals with substance use disorders in that they smoke at a greater rate than the general public. Smoking-related illness represents a major source of preventable death in persons with drug dependencies. Substance abuse treatment […]

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Perceived environmental barriers to recreational, community, and school participation for children and youth with physical disabilities.

OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively describe parent perceptions of environmental barriers to recreational, community, and school participation for children with physical disabilities. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data gathered in the first wave of a longitudinal study of the child, family, and environmental factors affecting the recreational and leisure participation of school-age children with physical disabilities. SETTING: […]

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Outcome from a community-based smoking cessation program for persons with serious mental illness.

Six and 12-month outcomes are reported on 79 mentally ill persons attending either a 4- or 8-session community-based smoking cessation group. Quit rates at post, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups were 16, 19, 16, and 19%, respectively, with no significant effect of program length. These success rates are comparable to outcomes reported following group-based treatment […]

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Distressed neighborhoods and child disability rates: analyses of 157,000 school-age children.

The aim of this study was to assess rates of childhood disability as indicated by functional limitation of motor, sensory, or self-care skills in children living in severely-distressed neighborhoods. For a neighborhood in the US Census Track to be considered severely distressed, three of the following four characteristics need to be present: >27% of children […]

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Secondary conditions in a community-based sample of women with physical disabilities over a 1-year period.

OBJECTIVE:   To examine prevalence and predictors of secondary conditions in women with physical disabilities. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional. SETTING:   Women were recruited through private and public health clinics and various community organizations. PARTICIPANTS:   A sample of 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities. INTERVENTIONS:  Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:   Health Conditions Checklist interference score. RESULTS:   Aggregated […]

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Camp for all connection: a community health information outreach project.

PURPOSE: The purpose of the Camp For All Connection project is to facilitate access to electronic health information resources at the Camp For All facility. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS/RESOURCES: Camp For All is a barrier-free camp working in partnership with organizations to enrich the lives of children and adults with chronic illnesses and disabilities and their families by […]

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Minority Research: African American Population

Correlates of physical activity levels in a sample of urban African Americans with type 2 diabetes. Pearte CA, Gary TL, Brancati FL.  Ethn Dis. 2004 Spring;14(2):198-205. Comment in: Ethn Dis. 2004 Spring;14(2):185-8. BACKGROUND: Although regular physical activity is recommended for all adults and is vital in the management of diabetes, activity levels among African Americans […]

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Community health and nutrition screening for Special Olympics athletes.

Since 1961, Special Olympics has provided sports training and athletic competition for people with mental retardation. A recent addition to these Olympics has been the Healthy Athletes Program, designed to help the athletes improve their health and fitness, leading to enhanced sports experiences and well being. Original health services included dental and eye screening. In […]

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