Alcohol Use

Alcohol Abuse Fact Sheet

Patient oriented fact sheet for people with spinal cord injury describing why alcohol can be a problem, determining whether it is a problem, what to do about it, and prognosis. Visit Website

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Socio-economic status and problem alcohol use: the positive relationship between income and the DSM-IV alcohol abuse diagnosis.

AIMS: Epidemiological evidence indicates a positive relationship between income and the prevalence of alcohol abuse in the general population, but an inverse relationship between income and alcohol dependence. Among those with a diagnosis of alcohol abuse, the most prevalent criterion is hazardous use, which commonly requires sufficient resources to own or access a car. The […]

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The impact of depressive symptoms on alcohol and cigarette consumption following treatment for alcohol and nicotine dependence.

BACKGROUND: Although depression is common among alcohol and tobacco dependent patients, its impact on treatment outcomes is not well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of depressive symptoms on abstinence from tobacco and alcohol after treatment for alcohol dependence and nicotine dependence. METHODS: The Timing of Alcohol and Smoking Cessation […]

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Adverse childhood exposures and alcohol dependence among seven Native American tribes.

BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are leading causes of death among Native Americans. Little is known about the impact of negative childhood exposures, including parental alcoholism, childhood maltreatment, and out-of-home placement, on risk of lifetime DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition) diagnosis of alcohol dependence in this population. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews […]

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Alcoholism and co-morbid psychiatric disorders among American Indians.

Much of the data reported here regarding American Indian (AI) people has originated from specific areas with particular peoples. Thus, one must be cautious in applying information from one tribe to the hundreds of tribes living across the United States. As with any people, psychiatric disorder may be a pre-existing rationale for using alcohol. Or […]

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Native American women in alcohol and substance abuse treatment.

Alcohol and other drug use is a serious problem among American Indian and Alaska Native women. However, information about their needs for treatment is lacking. In response, a study was conducted to document the life experiences and perceived recovery needs of American Indian and Alaska Native women at nine treatment centers nationwide. The data show […]

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Organization and financing of alcohol and substance abuse programs for American Indians and Alaska Natives.

OBJECTIVES: Although American Indians and Alaska Natives have high rates of substance abuse, few data about treatment services for this population are available. We used national data from 1997-2002 to describe recent trends in organizational and financial arrangements. METHODS: Using data from the Indian Health Service (IHS), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, […]

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Outcomes of drug and alcohol treatment programs among American Indians in California.

OBJECTIVES: We examined differences in substance abuse treatment outcomes between American Indians and their non-American Indian counterparts in California, during 2000 to 2002. METHODS: A total of 368 American Indians and a matched sample of 368 non-American Indians from 39 substance abuse treatment programs in 13 California counties were assessed at multiple time points. Records […]

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Self-reported smoking and alcohol use among adolescents with intellectual disabilities.

Self-reported smoking and alcohol use were examined among 95 adolescents (aged 11-15) with intellectual disabilities and 4069 adolescents who did not have intellectual disabilities. Results indicated that adolescents with intellectual disabilities reported increased rates of smoking and decreased rates of using alcohol at least once a month. There were no marked differences between the two […]

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Patterns of alcohol and substance use and abuse in persons with spinal cord injury: risk factors and correlates.

Tate DG, Forchheimer MB , Krause JS, Meade MA, Bombardier CH. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Nov;85(11):1837-47. Model Spinal Cord Injury Care System, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-0491, USA. dgtate@umich.edu Objective: To investigate patterns of alcohol consumption and abuse and substance use among persons with spinal cord injury […]

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