Adults

Supported education for adults with psychiatric disabilities: effectiveness of an occupational therapy program.

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effectiveness of a supported education program for adults with psychiatric disabilities. METHOD: Thirty-eight adults with psychiatric disabilities were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 21) that received supported education services or to a control group (n = 17) that received treatment as usual. RESULTS: We found a statistically […]

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What are the social consequences of stroke for working-aged adults? A systematic review.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Approximately one fourth of strokes occur in people aged <65 years. UK current policy calls for services that meet the specific needs of working-aged adults with stroke. We aimed to identify the social consequences of stroke in working-aged adults, which might subsequently inform the development and evaluation of services for this group. […]

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Health disparities among Latinas aging with disabilities.

Latinas with disabilities report greater levels of disablement than non-Hispanic, White women with disabilities. Over the life course, Latinas experience increased numbers of functional limitations, more difficulties with activities of daily living, and more unemployment due to impairments. The reasons for this health disparity are unclear. The purpose of this article is to explore the […]

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Following up fighting fit: the long-term impact of health practitioner input on obesity and BMI amongst adults with intellectual disabilities.

This article presents findings on the long-term impact of health practitioner input to reduce obesity amongst adults with intellectual disabilities. Body mass index (BMI) was measured for an input group (N = 33) and a comparison group (N = 40) 6 years after the input group first received input. Data on BMI were collected at […]

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A controlled trial of bupropion added to nicotine patch and behavioral therapy for smoking cessation in adults with unipolar depressive disorders.

Although there is a strong relationship between depression and smoking, most nicotine dependence treatment trials exclude depressed smokers. Our objective was to determine whether bupropion improves abstinence rates and abstinence-associated depressive symptoms when added to transdermal nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in smokers with unipolar depressive disorder (UDD). Adult smokers […]

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Racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status among adults with and without disabilities–United States, 2004-2006.

Self-rated health status has been found to be an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality, and racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status persist among the U.S. adult population. Black and Hispanic adults are more likely to report their general health status as fair or poor compared with white adults. In addition, the prevalence of disability […]

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Paths to leisure physical activity among adults with intellectual disabilities: self-efficacy and social support.

PURPOSE: This study tested a path model that included perceptions of social support and self-efficacy for leisure physical activity and leisure physical activity participation among adults with intellectual disabilities. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was used. Data was collected via oral interview. SETTING: Community-based group, supported-living settings in one Midwestern state. SAMPLE: A total of 152 […]

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Nutrition education and support program for community-dwelling adults with intellectual disabilities.

To test the efficacy, acceptability, and appropriateness of a nutrition education and support program, 4 community-based group homes for adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities participated in a pilot intervention with extended baseline period and pre-post-test design. Adults (N = 32) with intellectual or developmental disabilities, 20 direct service staff, 4 managers of group homes, […]

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Health Education Research: Health Communication

Computer and internet use by persons after traumatic spinal cord injury. Goodman N, Jette AM, Houlihan B, Williams S.  Department of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA 02118, USA. naomirgoodman@yahoo.com  Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Aug;89(8):1492-8. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether computer and internet use by persons post spinal cord injury (SCI) is sufficiently prevalent and […]

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Results of an innovative university-based recovery education program for adults with psychiatric disabilities.

This study examined the effectiveness of an educational approach to psychiatric rehabilitation called the Recovery Center. Using a quasi-experimental design we recruited 97 intervention and 81 comparison participants and examined the intervention’s impact on health, mental health, subjective, and role functioning outcomes. Results suggested that this intervention was effective in improving subjective outcomes, especially empowerment […]

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