Adolescents

Social Participation in a Nationally Representative Sample of Older Youth and Young Adults With Autism.

OBJECTIVE: To describe social participation and identify factors that affect it in a nationally representative sample of adolescents and young adults with autism. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2. The World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health model was used with participation as the dependent category. […]

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How does participation of youth with spina bifida vary by age?

BACKGROUND:  Youth with disabilities are at risk for decreased participation in community activities. However, little is known about participation at different developmental periods of childhood and adolescence among youth with spina bifida (SB) or whether child, family, and SB-associated factors influence participation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES:  Our cross-sectional study examined participation among youth with SB and assessed how […]

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Determinants of social participation–with friends and others who are not family members–for youths with cerebral palsy.

BACKGROUND: Social participation provides youths with opportunities to develop their self-concept, friendships, and meaning in life. Youths with cerebral palsy (CP) have been reported to participate more in home-based leisure activities and to have fewer social experiences with friends and others than youths without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify youth, […]

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Youth with spina bifida and transitions: health and social participation in a nationally represented sample.

OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes and identify factors that affect social participation in youth and young adults with spina bifida. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective data from a nationally representative survey of youth and young adults with disabilities were analyzed. The WHO ICF framework was used with participation as the dependent category and (a) body function/structure; (b) activities; […]

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Sports and disability.

Participation in recreational and competitive sports at an early age has long been touted as a positive influence on growth and development, and for fostering lifelong healthy lifestyles. The benefits of an active lifestyle include not only fitness, but the promotion of a sense of inclusion and improved self-esteem. These benefits are well documented in […]

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Girls with spinal cord injury: social and job-related participation and psychosocial outcomes.

OBJECTIVE: To examine social and job-related participation among girls with spinal cord injury (SCI) and relationships between participation, depression, and quality of life. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: This sample included 97 girls (aged 7-17 years) who had sustained SCI at least 1 year prior to interview, and who were receiving care at three pediatric SCI centers […]

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Update on physical activity including special needs populations.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood obesity rates remain high, especially among adolescents, minorities, and children with disabilities. The American Academy of Pediatrics and American Medical Association have released recommendations for childhood obesity treatment and prevention which include interventions related to physical and sedentary activity. This review explores recent updates in the area of physical activity and […]

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The benefits of physical activity for youth with developmental disabilities: a systematic review.

OBJECTIVE: Analyze evidence of the benefits of physical activity for youth with developmental disabilities. DATA SOURCES: Key word searches for “disability,” “physical activity,” “exercise,” “fitness,” and “sport” in major databases. A total of 3263 citations was found. STUDY INCLUSION/EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Systematic reviews and articles about studies quantitatively examining the effects of physical activity in youth […]

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Health Education Research: Education of Caregivers, Consumers, & Families

Sexuality issues and gynecologic care of adolescents with developmental disabilities. Greydanus DE, Omar HA.  Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University/Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, 1000 Oakland Drive, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-1284, USA. Greydanus@kcms.msu.edu  Pediatr Clin North Am. 2008 Dec;55(6):1315-35, viii. All human beings are sexual from birth to […]

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Healthcare Transition Research: Access to Care

Access to care for youth with special health care needs in the transition to adulthood. Lotstein DS, Inkelas M, Hays RD, Halfon N, Brook R.  Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA. dlotstein@mednet.ucla.edu  J Adolesc Health. 2008 Jul;43(1):23-9. Epub 2008 Apr 25.  Comment in: J […]

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