Violence/Sexual Abuse

Jurors’ perceptions of adolescent sexual assault victims who have intellectual disabilities.

Children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities are especially likely to be sexually abused. Even so, their claims are not likely to be heard in court, possibly because people assume that jurors will not believe them. We tested this assumption in a mock-trial study in which 160 men and women watched videotaped excerpts from an actual […]

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Ten-year research update review: child sexual abuse.

Objective: To provide clinicians with current information on prevalence, risk factors, outcomes, treatment, and prevention of child sexual abuse (CSA). To examine the best-documented examples of psychopathology attributable to CSA. Methods: Computer literature searches of and for key words. All English-language articles published after 1989 containing empirical data pertaining to CSA were reviewed. Results: CSA […]

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Clinical effects of sexual abuse on people with learning disability: critical literature review.

Background: There are few publications concerning the psychological reactions of people with learning disabilities to sexual abuse. Most significantly, there are no controlled studies and few which demonstrate a systematic approach to documenting the sequelae of trauma. Aims: To critically review the published research in this field. Methods: A literature search in peer-reviewed psychiatry, psychology, […]

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Injury prevention for children with disabilities.

Little injury data exists for children who have disabilities. There is an urgent need to address injury prevention and to improve safety standards for this group. Understanding the epidemiology of injuries will allow clinicians to accurately advise patients and their families on individual risks and counsel them in steps to take to reduce those risks. […]

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Abuse assessment screen-disability (AAS-D): measuring frequency, type, and perpetrator of abuse toward women with physical disabilities.

An interview questionnaire was presented to a multiethnic sample of 511 women, age 18-64 years, at public and private specialty clinics to determine the frequency, type, and perpetrator of abuse toward women with physical disabilities. The four-question Abuse Assessment Screen-Disability (AAS-D) instrument detected a 9.8% prevalence (50 of 511) of abuse during the previous 12 […]

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