Violence/Sexual Abuse

Nurse practitioner knowledge of child sexual abuse in children with cognitive disabilities

Koetting C, Fitzpatrick JJ, Lewin L, Kilanowski J.  Sinclair School of Nursing University of Missouri-Columbia, MO 65211, USA. cwkoetting@earthlink.net.  J Forensic Nurs. 2012 Jun;8(2):72-80. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-3938.2011.01129.x. Epub 2012 Jan 6. The purpose of this study was to describe the knowledge level of nurse practitioners regarding symptoms of child sexual abuse in children with cognitive disabilities. […]

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Prevalence and risk of violence against children with disabilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Jones L, Bellis MA, Wood S, Hughes K, McCoy E, Eckley L, Bates G, Mikton C, Shakespeare T, Officer A.  Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.  Lancet. 2012 Sep 8;380(9845):899-907. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60692-8. Epub 2012 Jul 12. BACKGROUND: Globally, at least 93 million children have moderate or severe disability. Children with disabilities […]

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Psychological disturbance associated with sexual abuse in people with learning disabilities. Case-control study.

Background: The association between sexual abuse, mental health and behavioural problems in people with learning disabilities has not previously been examined in a controlled study. Aims: To identify symptoms of psychological disturbance in adults with and without a confirmed history of sexual abuse. Methods: The study used a matched (1:1) case-control design comparing 54 adults […]

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National survey of sexual behavior and sexual behavior policies in facilities for individuals with mental retardation/developmental disabilities.

To obtain information regarding sexual behavior and related policies in state residential facilities for individuals with mental retardation/developmental disabilities, we sent surveys to 168 members listed in the Association of Public Developmental Disabilities Administrators 1998-1999 directory. Response rate was 68.5%. For the 46 facilities where 50% or fewer of clients had profound retardation, sexual relations […]

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U.S. policy: keeping children with special needs safe in America.

This paper reviews the major efforts being made to reform the child welfare system for children with special needs who are in protective placements. Barriers to finding permanent and loving homes result in putting these children at high risk of institutionalization, poor physical and emotional health, and abuse and neglect. Education for prospective parents, foster […]

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Providing medical evaluations for possible child maltreatment to children with special health care needs.

Objective: Children with special health care needs are known to be at increased risk of all forms of child maltreatment when compared to children without such needs. We describe a health care team’s experience providing medical evaluations for suspected child maltreatment to children with special health care needs. Methods: Consecutive cases seen as outpatients in […]

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Violence against women with physical disabilities.

This study explored risk factors for violence among a sample of adult women with physical disabilities. Fifty-six percent (100) of the 177 women participating in the study indicated a positive history of abuse. Of the women who reported abuse, most reported multiple abuse situations and abusers who were typically their male partners. In addition, only […]

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Helping women with disabilities and domestic violence: strategies, limitations, and challenges of domestic violence programs and services.

Purpose: To describe the types of services provided to women with disabilities at community-based domestic violence programs in the state of North Carolina, the challenges faced, and strategies used to provide the services. Methods: We conducted a statewide cross-sectional survey of community domestic violence programs and had a response rate of 85%. Results: Of the […]

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Violent victimization of persons with co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders.

Objective: This study examined the frequency with which persons in the community with psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, and both types of disorders are victims of violence. Methods: The relationship between diagnosis, gender, and victimization over a one-year period was examined in two cross-sectional data sets, one drawn from a study of adaptation to community […]

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Capacity to consent to sexual relationships in adults with learning disabilities.

People with learning disabilities used to be seen as asexual or promiscuous and were discouraged from expressing their sexuality. However, with the growth of the rights movement, attention has turned to the dilemma of how to both empower and protect people with learning disabilities in relation to their sexuality. A recent research project showed that, […]

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