Smoking Cessation

Outcome from a community-based smoking cessation program for persons with serious mental illness.

Six and 12-month outcomes are reported on 79 mentally ill persons attending either a 4- or 8-session community-based smoking cessation group. Quit rates at post, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups were 16, 19, 16, and 19%, respectively, with no significant effect of program length. These success rates are comparable to outcomes reported following group-based treatment […]

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Smoking among veterans with multiple sclerosis: prevalence correlates, quit attempts, and unmet need for services.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and correlates of smoking as well as quit attempts and unmet need for smoking cessation services in a national sample of veterans with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study linking computerized medical record information to mailed survey data from 1999. SETTING: Veterans Health Administration (VHA). PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-four percent (2994/4685) […]

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State-level prevalence of cigarette smoking and treatment advice, by disability status, United States, 2004.

INTRODUCTION: To our knowledge, no study has determined whether smoking prevalence is higher among people with disabilities than among people without disabilities across all U.S. states. Neither do we know whether people with disabilities and people without disabilities receive the same quality of advice about tobacco-cessation treatment from medical providers. METHODS: We analyzed data from […]

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A 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled study of bupropion sr added to high-dose dual nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation or reduction in schizophrenia.

The objective of this study was to examine whether there is a benefit of adding bupropion SR to high-dose combination nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and weekly group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for smoking reduction or cessation in schizophrenia. Fifty-one adult smokers with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to a 12-week trial of bupropion SR 300 mg/d […]

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Do deaf and hard of hearing youth need antitobacco education?

Little research has focused on tobacco use among deaf and hard of hearing youth. Findings are reported from a first-ever tobacco-related survey, completed by 226 California middle and high school students using either a written questionnaire or the Interactive Video Questionnaire, an interactive multimedia computer video technology. Rates for current smoking (3.1%), ever smoking (45.1%), […]

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Psychiatrists’ smoking cessation activities with Ohio community mental health center patients.

This study describes a survey of Ohio community mental health center psychiatrists’ perceptions and practices regarding smoking cessation activities using the 5A’s method of smoking cessation. Of the 150 psychiatrists surveyed, 80 (53%) were returned. The majority of psychiatrists reported asking their patients about cigarette smoking status as well as giving advice to quit. However, […]

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Integrating smoking cessation into mental health care for post-traumatic stress disorder.

BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with a high prevalence of smoking, heavy cigarette consumption and low cessation rates. PURPOSE: This manuscript describes the design of a randomized, multisite effectiveness trial to test whether integrating smoking cessation treatment into mental health care (integrated care) improves prolonged abstinence rates among veterans with PTSD, compared with […]

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The acceptability of physical activity programming within a smoking cessation service for individuals with severe mental illness.

OBJECTIVE: There is a high prevalence of smoking and physical inactivity among individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). The current study assessed the acceptability of introducing physical activity, including perceived advantages and disadvantages, as an adjunct to a smoking cessation service within this population. METHODS: 109 participants with SMI who were receiving smoking cessation treatment […]

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Is tobacco use a problem among deaf college students?

College students’ tobacco use poses a significant public health problem. Effective intervention requires understanding of this behavior among race/ethnic, cultural, and linguistic collegiate subgroups, including deaf and hard of hearing collegians. Findings from a first-ever tobacco-related survey among this understudied population are reported. The authors used written questionnaires and the Interactive Video Questionnaire, a multimedia […]

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Smoking rates and smoking cessation among individuals with multiple sclerosis.

PURPOSE: Adults with physical disabilities tend to smoke at higher rates than smokers in the general population. No study to date, however, has assessed smoking prevalence and cessation among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). Such information is critically needed because smoking is more deleterious for individuals with MS than for smokers without MS and increases […]

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