Paralysis

Perceived barriers to exercise in people with spinal cord injury.

OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to physical fitness faced by individuals with spinal cord injury preventing them from participating in a physical fitness program. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a survey of barriers to exercise was administered to 72 individuals with spinal cord injury. RESULTS: Although 73.6% of the participants expressed an interest in an exercise […]

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Relation between muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness in people with thoracic-level paraplegia.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the relation between muscular strength, aerobic power (V O2 peak), submaximal blood lactate accumulation, and endurance performance in people with thoracic-level paraplegia. DESIGN: Participants performed tests of isokinetic strength, a graded exercise test, and 2 endurance performance tests. A Latin square counterbalanced design was used to determine the order of testing. SETTING: […]

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Exercise as a health-promoting activity following spinal cord injury.

Spinal cord injury is a catastrophic event that immeasurably alters activity and health. Depending on the level and severity of injury, functional and homeostatic decline of many body systems can be anticipated in a large segment of the paralyzed population. The level of physical inactivity and deconditioning imposed by SCI profoundly contrasts the preinjury state […]

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Health promotion in people with multiple sclerosis.

Chronic diseases like MS present unique challenges and opportunities for patients and the medical care system. Patients are challenged because they are under tremendous pressure to actively engage themselves in multiple prevention, treatment, and health maintenance behaviors, often before they feel ready. Health care providers are challenged because health-promotion activities require more time, counseling skills, […]

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Long-term body-weight-supported treadmill training and subsequent follow-up in persons with chronic SCI: effects on functional walking ability and measures of subjective well-being.

STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, prospective within-subject design. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine the effects of long-term body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) on functional walking ability and perceived quality of life in persons with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), and (2) to investigate whether training adaptations are maintained following cessation of the BWSTT programme. SETTING: Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. […]

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Aging with cerebral palsy.

Before the mid-twentieth century, few people with CP survived to adulthood. Now, 65% to 90% of children with CP survive. Because of improvements in intensive care techniques leading to the increased survival of very low-birth-weight infants and the increased longevity of the general population, there are a large number of disabled adults requiring medical care. […]

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An explanatory model of health promotion and quality of life for persons with post-polio syndrome.

Although previous studies have examined selected factors influencing health promoting behaviors or quality of life, the complex interplay of these variables in persons with different chronic disabling conditions has not been investigated. This study tested an explanatory model of variables influencing health promotion and quality of life originally developed with a sample of persons with […]

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An explanatory model of health promotion and quality of life for persons with post-polio syndrome.

Although previous studies have examined selected factors influencing health promoting behaviors or quality of life, the complex interplay of these variables in persons with different chronic disabling conditions has not been investigated. This study tested an explanatory model of variables influencing health promotion and quality of life originally developed with a sample of persons with […]

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Wellness lifestyles I: A theoretical framework linking wellness, health lifestyles, and complementary and alternative medicine.

Scholarship concerning complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practices within the United States could benefit from incorporating sociological perspectives into the development of a comprehensive research agenda. We review the literature on health and wellness emphasizing definitions and distinctions, the health lifestyles literature emphasizing issues of both life choices and life chances, and studies of CAM […]

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Wellness lifestyles II: Modeling the dynamic of wellness, health lifestyle practices, and Network Spinal Analysis.

OBJECTIVE: Empirical application of a theoretical framework linking use of Network Spinal Analysis (NSA; a holistic, wellness-oriented form of complementary and alternative medicine [CAM]), health lifestyle practices, and self-reported health and wellness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional self-administered survey study. RESPONDENTS: Two thousand five hundred and ninety-six (2596) patients from 156 offices of doctors who were members of […]

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