Nutrition

Obesity intervention in persons with spinal cord injury.

STUDY DESIGN: A single group uncontrolled trial. OBJECTIVES: Despite widespread emphasis on the obesity-related health risks in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), limited research has been carried out to intervene in this problem. This study was conducted to assess the initial effectiveness of a weight loss program on various health outcomes in persons with […]

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Dietary intake and nutritional status of urban community-dwelling men with paraplegia.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate nutritional status, dietary intake, nutrition knowledge, and depression of healthy urban men with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) and to compare these findings with national guidelines and data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Urban university. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-five community-dwelling men with paraplegia (age range, 20-59 y). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dietary intake, body […]

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Gastrostomy tube feeding in children with cerebral palsy: a prospective, longitudinal study.

We report a longitudinal, prospective, multicentre cohort study designed to measure the outcomes of gastrostomy tube feeding in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Fifty-seven children with CP (28 females, 29 males; median age 4y 4mo, range 5mo to 17y 3mo) were assessed before gastrostomy placement, and at 6 and 12 months afterwards. Three-quarters of the […]

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A multiprofessional children’s feeding clinic.

A paediatric dietitian, occupational therapist and speech and language therapist describe how they jointly run a feeding clinic for infants and children with feeding difficulties. Conditions treated include cerebral palsy, autism, learned aversion following severe gastro-oesophageal reflux, and delayed oral development that affects feeding. The therapists’ co-ordinated approach enables parents to receive clear guidance on […]

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Using rapid-cycle quality improvement methodology to reduce feeding tubes in patients with advanced dementia: before and after study.

PROBLEM: Despite lack of evidence that enteral feeding tubes benefit patients with dementia, and often contrary to the wishes of patient and family, patients with dementia who have difficulty swallowing or reduced food intake often receive feeding tubes when hospitalised for an acute illness. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients receiving […]

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Feeding method and health outcomes of children with cerebral palsy.

Disorders of feeding and swallowing are common in children with cerebral palsy. Feeding and swallowing disorders have significant implications for development, growth and nutrition, respiratory health, gastrointestinal function, parent-child interaction, and overall family life. Assessments need to be comprehensive in scope and centered around the medical home. Oral feeding interventions for children with cerebral palsy […]

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Gastrostomy feeding in cerebral palsy: a systematic review.

AIMS: To determine benefits and risks for gastrostomy or jejunostomy feeding compared with oral feeding for children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Systematic review. Search strategy: electronic databases–Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Lilacs, databases of theses, grey literature. INCLUDED: relevant systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials, observational studies, case reports. EXCLUDED: non-systematic reviews and qualitative research. PARTICIPANTS: […]

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Weight loss in adults with Down syndrome and with dementia in Alzheimer’s disease.

An association between weight loss and Alzheimer’s disease has been established in the general population but little information is available regarding this association in people with intellectual disabilities. A 4-year longitudinal study of adults with Down syndrome with and without Alzheimer’s disease was undertaken. Age-associated weight loss was seen in virtually all older adults with […]

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Do recent data from the Seychelles Islands alter the conclusions of the NRC Report on the toxicological effects of methylmercury?

In 2000, the National Research Council (NRC), an arm of the National Academy of Sciences, released a report entitled, “Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury.” The overall conclusion of that report was that, at levels of exposure in some fish- and marine mammal-consuming communities (including those in the Faroe Islands and New Zealand), subtle but significant adverse […]

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Gastrostomy feeding versus oral feeding alone for children with cerebral palsy.

BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) can be significantly disabled in terms of their ability to suck, chew and swallow. This can lead to significant impairment in feeding ability and, eventually, to under-nutrition. It can also result in aspiration of food into the lungs. Feeding time may be considerably increased and, instead of being an […]

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