Native Americans

Functional limitations among older American Indians and Alaska natives: findings from the census 2000 supplementary survey.

The objectives of this study were to determine the national prevalence and profile of American Indian and Alaska Natives with functional limitations. Data were obtained from 4763 American Indian and Alaska Native respondents aged 45 years or older in the Census 2000 Supplementary Survey. Functional limitations were reported by 28% of American Indian and Alaska […]

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Electrophysiological responses to affective stimuli in American Indians experiencing trauma with and without PTSD.

American Indians are at high risk for exposure to violence and other traumatic events, yet few studies have investigated posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or its neurobiological consequences in Indian communities. In the present study, a sample of American Indians (n = 146) were given a structured diagnostic interview that additionally indexed traumatic life events and […]

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Perceived discrimination, traditional practices, and depressive symptoms among American Indians in the upper Midwest.

American Indian adults are thought to experience significant depressive symptoms at rates several times higher than adults in the general population, yet we know very little about factors associated with depressive symptoms among this under studied group. Many researchers have argued that depressive symptoms are associated with conflicts between American Indian traditional cultural values, practices, […]

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Prevalence and correlates of mental disorders among Native American women in primary care.

OBJECTIVES: We examined the lifetime and the past-year prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders among American Indian and Alaska Native women who presented for primary care. METHODS: We screened 489 consecutively presenting female primary care patients aged 18 through 45 years with the General Health Questionnaire, 12-item version. A subsample (n = 234) completed […]

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Use of biomedical services and traditional healing options among American Indians: sociodemographic correlates, spirituality, and ethnic identity.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the use of biomedical services and traditional healing options among a reservation-based sample of American Indians from 2 culturally distinct tribes. METHODS: Participants were 2595 American Indian adolescents and adults ages 15 to 57 randomly selected to represent 2 tribes living on or near their rural […]

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Smoking cessation and its determinants among older American Indians: the Strong Heart Study.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between sociodemographic, clinical, and smoking history factors, and smoking cessation among older American Indians. DESIGN: Nested cohort study of cigarette smokers in the Strong Heart Study, a longitudinal study of cardiovascular disease among American Indians. SETTING: Thirteen American Indian tribes from Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota. PARTICIPANTS: American […]

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Adverse childhood exposures and alcohol dependence among seven Native American tribes.

BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are leading causes of death among Native Americans. Little is known about the impact of negative childhood exposures, including parental alcoholism, childhood maltreatment, and out-of-home placement, on risk of lifetime DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition) diagnosis of alcohol dependence in this population. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews […]

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Alcoholism and co-morbid psychiatric disorders among American Indians.

Much of the data reported here regarding American Indian (AI) people has originated from specific areas with particular peoples. Thus, one must be cautious in applying information from one tribe to the hundreds of tribes living across the United States. As with any people, psychiatric disorder may be a pre-existing rationale for using alcohol. Or […]

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Cultural connection and transformation: substance abuse treatment at Friendship House.

This research investigates the transformational experiences of Native Americans during the course of their retraditionalization and treatment for drug and alcohol dependence. Twelve graduates of the residential treatment program at Friendship House in San Francisco were interviewed about the kind and quality of their healing experiences in this particular program which provides a comprehensive matrix […]

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Factors affecting American Indian adolescent tobacco use.

The present study merged problem behavior and social ecological theories to examine how mental health and environmental factors, including culture, were associated with American Indian youth tobacco use. A stratified random sample of 205 reservation and 196 urban American Indian adolescents living in a Southwestern area was interviewed in 2001. Two-thirds of the reservation youth […]

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