Depression

Temporal and reciprocal relationship between IADL/ADL disability and depressive symptoms in late life.

A strong association between functional disability and depressive symptoms in older people has frequently been reported. Some studies attribute this association to the disabling effects of depression, others to the depressogenic effects of physical health-related disability. The authors examined the reciprocal effects between depressive symptoms and functional disability and their temporal character in a community-based […]

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Folinic acid (Leucovorin) as an adjunctive treatment for SSRI-refractory depression.

Low folate is associated with poorer response to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in major depressive disorder (MDD). Folate supplementation in MDD has been studied in other settings with promising results. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of methylfolate as an adjunctive treatment among adults with MDD and inadequate response to an SSRI. Twenty-two adults (59% […]

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Exercise and depressive symptoms: a comparison of aerobic and resistance exercise effects on emotional and physical function in older persons with high and low depressive symptomatology.

This study examines and compares the effect of aerobic and resistance exercise on emotional and physical function among older persons with initially high or low depressive symptomatology. Data are from the Fitness, Arthritis and Seniors Trial, a trial among 439 persons 60 years or older with knee osteoarthritis randomized to health education (control), resistance exercise, […]

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Spotlight on sertraline in the management of major depressive disorder in elderly patients.

Sertraline is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) with well established antidepressant and anxiolytic activity. Results from several well designed trials show that sertraline (50-200 mg/day) is effective in the treatment of major depressive disorder in elderly patients (> or =60 years of age). Primary endpoints in most studies included the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale […]

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Qigong as a psychosocial intervention for depressed elderly with chronic physical illnesses.

Literature uncovers that depression is common in elderly people. The problem is more serious in elderly with chronic physical illnesses. Although the relationship between physical problems and depression is well documented, the underlying mechanism is basically unknown. This article proposed after a comprehensive literature review that depression in elderly with chronic physical illnesses results from […]

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Clinical outcomes following a trial of sertraline in rheumatoid arthritis.

We report an open-label trial of sertraline in the treatment of major depression in 54 consecutive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder. We initially surveyed 628 RA outpatients with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and invited those with depression to be evaluated further and treated. Eighty-four RA patients […]

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Depression and functional disability in chronic pediatric pain.

Objective: The primary aim of this study was to describe pain characteristics, coping strategies, depression, and functional disability in children and adolescents with chronic pain and to examine potential factors that are associated with functional disability in a pediatric pain population. The secondary aim of this study was to compare functional disability in two chronic […]

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Anemia and macrocytosis in the prediction of serum folate and vitamin B12 status, and treatment outcome in major depression.

Background: Folate and B12 deficiencies may result in macrocytic anemia, and are common in major depression; hypofolatemia may result in poorer antidepressant response. We wished to determine whether anemia or macrocytosis predict hypofolatemia, low B12, or refractoriness to antidepressants. Methods: After obtaining serum folate, B12, and hematological indices, 213 depressed adults were treated with fluoxetine 20 mg/day. Amelioration of […]

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Vitamin B(12) deficiency and depression in physically disabled older women: epidemiologic evidence from the Women’s Health and Aging Study.

Objective: It has been hypothesized that adequate concentrations of vitamin B(12) and folate are essential to maintain the integrity of the neurological systems involved in mood regulation, but epidemiologic evidence for such a link in the general population is unavailable. This study examined whether community-dwelling older women with metabolically significant vitamin B(12) or folate deficiency […]

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Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia, related vitamins and dementias.

Vitamin B12 and to a lesser extent folate deficiencies have been associated with dementias. Both these vitamins are determinants of plasma total homocysteine concentrations. In this review the frequency distributions of plasma vitamin B12, folate and homocysteine in South African males (# 51 yrs and > 51 yrs) illustrate the lower vitamin B12 levels in older subjects, and the shift […]

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