Haiti’s earthquake caused untold numbers of new disabilities across the age spectrum, from infants and children to elderly individuals. Amputations, spinal cord and brain injuries, complex multiple fractures, and other massive trauma will leave residual impairments, precipitating pressing needs at both the individual and societal levels. Short-term priorities include clinical stabilization, wound healing, and surgical… Read More »»
Traumatic Brain Injuries
Community integration: current issues in cognitive and vocational rehabilitation for individuals with ABI.
In this article, we examine cognitive and vocational rehabilitation and the issues related to minority veterans with acquired brain injury (ABI). As more service members are returning from conflict, ways to help them repair their lives, not only physically but also socially and economically, are increasingly needed. The challenges of ABI are multifactorial; that is,… Read More »»
Relationship of race/ethnicity and income to community integration following traumatic brain injury: investigation in a non-rehabilitation trauma sample.
The purpose of the current study was to determine the contribution of race/ethnicity and income to community integration at approximately 6 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 151 persons with mild to severe TBI (38% Black; 38% Hispanic; 24% White) recruited from consecutive admissions to the Neurosurgery service of a county Level I… Read More »»
The Iowa Department of Public Health and the Brain Injury Association of Iowa, with assistance from the Iowa Program for Assistive Technology and the Center for Disabilities and Development. This project was funded through a grant from the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal Child and Health Bureau.… Read More »»
The Ohio State University Medical Center’s Department of Rehabilitation Services Format Factsheet This factsheet describes possible bowel problems that can occur after a brain injury, including incontinence, diarrhea, and constipation, as well as what a person can do to correct his or her bowel problems. Contact URL http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/pdfs/PatientEd/Materials/PDFDocs/dis-cond/braininury/bowel-care.pdf Contact Agency … Read More »»
Physical inaccessibility negatively impacts the treatment participation of persons with disabilities.
This research assessed the impact that physical inaccessibility of provider locations has on the substance abuse treatment participation of two groups of persons with disabilities. A random sample of treatment providers in the Mid-Atlantic region were surveyed and asked if they had declined services to persons with spinal cord (SCI) or traumatic brain (TBI) injuries… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: To describe social communication skills problems identified by individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to significant other (SO) and clinician ratings; and associations between these skills and participation outcome measures. DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: Sixty individuals with TBI > or = 1 year post-injury were administered measures of social communication, societal participation, social… Read More »»
An evaluation of sex education and information resources and their provision to adults with traumatic brain injury.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate sex education and information resources developed to address the sexual health concerns of persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the means by which agencies have introduced this clinically sensitive program initiative. DESIGN: A process evaluation methodology was used to assess program reach, participant satisfaction, program component usage, and quality of materials.… Read More »»