Objective: Accurate information regarding the psychopathological consequences of surviving traumatic injury is of great importance for effective health service design and planning. Regrettably, existing studies vary dramatically in reported prevalence rates of psychopathology within this population. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity following severe injury by adopting a… Read More »»
Traumatic Brain Injuries
Sexually intrusive behaviour, which may range from inappropriate commentary to rape, is often observed following a traumatic brain injury. It may represent novel behaviour patterns or an exacerbation of pre-injury personality traits, attitudes, and tendencies. Sexually intrusive behaviour poses a risk to staff and residents of residential facilities and to the community at large, and… Read More »»
Perception of health and quality of life in minorities after mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury.
Much has been reported of the influence of age, affective symptoms, and satisfaction on self-ratings of health functioning, but little is known about the extent that race-based perceptions may have on influencing behavior or adjustment after a mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury (MTBI). We investigated differences in perception of health functioning by race for mental and… Read More »»
Objective: To assess the relationship between depression and life satisfaction among survivors of traumatic brain injury (TBI) over a 3-year period after injury. It was hypothesized that survivors of TBI with depression would have decreased life satisfaction. Design: Two groups (depression vs no depression) longitudinal design. Methods: Interviewed survivors of TBI (n = 324) by… Read More »»
Pilot evaluation of a mindfulness-based intervention to improve quality of life among individuals who sustained traumatic brain injuries.
Objective: To examine the potential efficacy of a mindfulness-based stress reduction approach to improve quality of life in individuals who have suffered traumatic brain injuries. Design: Pre-post design with drop-outs as controls. Methods: We recruited individuals with mild to moderate brain injuries, at least 1 year post-injury. We measured their quality of life, psychological status,… Read More »»
A typology of alcohol use patterns among persons with recent traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury: implications for treatment matching.
Objective: To describe empirically valid and clinically meaningful types of alcohol use among persons with recent traumatic brain or spinal cord injury. Design: Cross-sectional cohort survey. Setting: Acute inpatient rehabilitation program in a level I trauma center. Participants: A total of 218 (87%) of 250 consecutive initial admissions who met inclusion criteria and completed interviews.… Read More »»
Distribution of services and supports for people with traumatic brain injury in rural and urban Missouri.
New paradigms of disability suggest that many variables interact to influence the community functioning of people with traumatic brain injury (TBI), including injury severity and social, psychological, and environmental factors. Unfortunately, the majority of TBI outcome research to date has primarily focused on injury severity variables (e.g., neuroradiologic findings, loss of consciousness, posttraumatic amnesia) to… Read More »»
Objective: To identify the patient population at greatest risk for post-injury adjustment problems, the present study independently examines and compares alcohol and drug use rates in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and patients with spinal cord injury. Research Design: The two samples were matched with regard to age, gender and mechanism of injury. The… Read More »»