PURPOSE: To perform a structured review of the psychometric properties specific to the stroke population of the Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H). This tool measures quality of social participation, an important but under-evaluated aspect of stroke recovery. METHOD: A structured review of publications at MEDLINE; Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library using the following terms:… Read More »»
Social and community participation of children and youth with cerebral palsy is associated with age and gross motor function classification.
BACKGROUND: Through social and community participation, children and youth with cerebral palsy (CP) form friendships, gain knowledge, learn skills, express creativity, and determine meaning and purpose in life. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine whether social and community participation of children and youth with CP differ based on age, sex, and… Read More »»
Variables associated with communicative participation in people with multiple sclerosis: a regression analysis.
PURPOSE: To explore variables associated with self-reported communicative participation in a sample (n = 498) of community-dwelling adults with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: A battery of questionnaires was administered online or on paper per participant preference. Data were analyzed using multiple linear backward stepwise regression. The dependent variable was an item response theory score of… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: To examine how participation is conceptualized by different rehabilitation stakeholder groups. DESIGN: Qualitative case study design. SUBJECTS: A total of 148 participants from different stakeholder groups in 2 US states and the District of Columbia. Stakeholders included people with disabilities (n = 63), caregivers (n = 28), rehabilitation professionals (n = 32), funders (n… Read More »»
School of Rehabilitation, University of Montreal, Montréal, Canada. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2009 Sep;4(5):344-52.
PURPOSE: Efficient mobility could be a prerequisite to carrying out many daily activities and social roles (social participation). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of wheelchair acquisition on social participation. METHODS: Single group pre/post design where the intervention was the acquisition of a wheelchair paid for by the provincial government. Data… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: Many individuals with spina bifida have impairments that limit mobility and functional independence. Sedentary lifestyles and social isolation are very prevalent. This study evaluated the association between the use of mobility devices and degree of socialization. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed on 208 adults with spina bifida attending a university-based clinic. Data… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: To explore leisure participation by people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and reasons underlying changes after the trauma. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six individuals with mild to severe TBI. MAIN MEASURE: Leisure Profile, a semi-structured questionnaire measuring involvement in leisure activities before and after TBI (frequency of activities, degree of interest, and desire to modify one’s leisure… Read More »»
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined the interface between visual impairment and depressive symptoms on health behaviors, self-care, and social participation among adults ages 65 and older. METHOD: The authors analyzed data from the 1997-2004 National Health Interview Survey on visual impairment and depressive symptoms for 49,278 adults ages 65 and older, comparing visually impaired adults (n… Read More »»
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Approximately one fourth of strokes occur in people aged <65 years. UK current policy calls for services that meet the specific needs of working-aged adults with stroke. We aimed to identify the social consequences of stroke in working-aged adults, which might subsequently inform the development and evaluation of services for this group.… Read More »»
You can know me now if you listen: sensory, motor, and communication issues in a nonverbal person with autism.
This case report describes an intensive approach to treating autism and provides an intersection between a first-person narrative paired with intervention and outcomes. In-depth conversations between a person with autism and an occupational therapist provide insight into understanding differences and difficulties in sensory processing and regulation, praxis, and communication. Individuals with autism may be intellectually… Read More »»