As part of a women’s health center project, we reviewed 16 years of research to examine health disparities between women with and without disabilities. We reviewed MEDLINE-indexed articles between 1990 and 2005 with data on women with and without physical, sensory, intellectual, developmental, or psychiatric disabilities. Our review found few articles examining health disparities in… Read More »»
OBJECTIVES: We estimated state-level disability-associated health-care expenditures (DAHE) for the U.S. adult population. METHODS: We used a two-part model to estimate DAHE for the noninstitutionalized U.S. civilian adult population using data from the 2002-2003 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and state-level data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Administrative data for people in institutions were… Read More »»
Latinas with disabilities report greater levels of disablement than non-Hispanic, White women with disabilities. Over the life course, Latinas experience increased numbers of functional limitations, more difficulties with activities of daily living, and more unemployment due to impairments. The reasons for this health disparity are unclear. The purpose of this article is to explore the… Read More »»
Racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status among adults with and without disabilities–United States, 2004-2006.
Self-rated health status has been found to be an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality, and racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status persist among the U.S. adult population. Black and Hispanic adults are more likely to report their general health status as fair or poor compared with white adults. In addition, the prevalence of disability… Read More »»
BACKGROUND: Early identification of developmental delay is important for ensuring that children receive the early intervention services they need. Racial disparities exist for a number of childhood conditions, but it is not known whether there are racial disparities in the age of diagnosis with developmental delay. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to determine the mean age of diagnosis with… Read More »»
Overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities: Associations with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions.
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study was designed to examine weight in association with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions in a sample of community living women with physical disabilities. METHODS: 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities were recruited through public and private health clinics and community organizations. They completed questionnaires including measures of… Read More »»
BACKGROUND: The recent literature contains numerous reports of disparities in the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of lung cancer across a growing list of population subgroups, including disability status. A common assumption is that disparities stem mainly from variations in the level and type of treatment resources available to specific subgroups. Few studies, however, have directly measured resource differentials. Since… Read More »»
Oral health disparities between individuals with disabilities and the general population are widely reported in the literature, and malocclusion is no exception. As the number of people living with disabilities grows, so does the need to explore their oral health status. This review examines the reported prevalence of malocclusion in individuals with Down syndrome (DS),… Read More »»
Distribution of secondary medical problems, impairments, and participation limitations among adults with disabilities and their relationship to health and other outcomes.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the distribution and relationship of 16 secondary medical problems, impairments, and participation limitations among adults with disabilities to demographic characteristics, self-reported health, satisfaction with life, and social participation. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 4175 respondents to the disability supplements of the 2001 and 2003 Washington State… Read More »»
Multiple health disparities among minority adults with mobility limitations: an application of the ICF framework and codes.
PURPOSE: To examine the interface between mobility limitations and minority status and its effect on multiple health and health-related domains among adults, using the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: We combined 8 years of data from the 1997-2004 US National Health Interview Survey to investigate health disparities among… Read More »»