Self-rated health status has been found to be an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality, and racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status persist among the U.S. adult population. Black and Hispanic adults are more likely to report their general health status as fair or poor compared with white adults. In addition, the prevalence of disability… Read More »»
Racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status among adults with and without disabilities–United States, 2004-2006.
BACKGROUND: Early identification of developmental delay is important for ensuring that children receive the early intervention services they need. Racial disparities exist for a number of childhood conditions, but it is not known whether there are racial disparities in the age of diagnosis with developmental delay. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to determine the mean age of diagnosis with… Read More »»
Overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities: Associations with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions.
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study was designed to examine weight in association with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions in a sample of community living women with physical disabilities. METHODS: 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities were recruited through public and private health clinics and community organizations. They completed questionnaires including measures of… Read More »»
BACKGROUND: The recent literature contains numerous reports of disparities in the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of lung cancer across a growing list of population subgroups, including disability status. A common assumption is that disparities stem mainly from variations in the level and type of treatment resources available to specific subgroups. Few studies, however, have directly measured resource differentials. Since… Read More »»
Oral health disparities between individuals with disabilities and the general population are widely reported in the literature, and malocclusion is no exception. As the number of people living with disabilities grows, so does the need to explore their oral health status. This review examines the reported prevalence of malocclusion in individuals with Down syndrome (DS),… Read More »»
Distribution of secondary medical problems, impairments, and participation limitations among adults with disabilities and their relationship to health and other outcomes.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the distribution and relationship of 16 secondary medical problems, impairments, and participation limitations among adults with disabilities to demographic characteristics, self-reported health, satisfaction with life, and social participation. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 4175 respondents to the disability supplements of the 2001 and 2003 Washington State… Read More »»
Multiple health disparities among minority adults with mobility limitations: an application of the ICF framework and codes.
PURPOSE: To examine the interface between mobility limitations and minority status and its effect on multiple health and health-related domains among adults, using the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: We combined 8 years of data from the 1997-2004 US National Health Interview Survey to investigate health disparities among… Read More »»
The aim of this study was to assess rates of childhood disability as indicated by functional limitation of motor, sensory, or self-care skills in children living in severely-distressed neighborhoods. For a neighborhood in the US Census Track to be considered severely distressed, three of the following four characteristics need to be present: >27% of children… Read More »»
State-level prevalence of cigarette smoking and treatment advice, by disability status, United States, 2004.
INTRODUCTION: To our knowledge, no study has determined whether smoking prevalence is higher among people with disabilities than among people without disabilities across all U.S. states. Neither do we know whether people with disabilities and people without disabilities receive the same quality of advice about tobacco-cessation treatment from medical providers. METHODS: We analyzed data from… Read More »»
Secondary conditions in a community-based sample of women with physical disabilities over a 1-year period.
OBJECTIVE: To examine prevalence and predictors of secondary conditions in women with physical disabilities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Women were recruited through private and public health clinics and various community organizations. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Health Conditions Checklist interference score. RESULTS: Aggregated… Read More »»