Health disparities are differences in health outcomes between groups that reflect social inequalities. Disability rates vary by ethnicity, age, sex and income, ranging from 10.4% among Asians to 22.6% among non‐Hispanic black to 31.3% among American Indians and Alaska Natives. Unsurprisingly, disability is more prevalent in those age 65 and older (37.8%) than those age… Read More »»
Improving health care providers’ knowledge and ability to provide culturally competent care can limit the health disparities experienced by disadvantaged populations. As racial and ethnic cultures dominate cultural competency topics in education, alternative cultures such as disability have consistently been underrepresented. This article will make the case that persons with disabilities have a unique cultural… Read More »»
Health disparities in low-income families with infants and toddlers: needs and challenges related to disability.
This study examines disparities in health status, health care utilization, insurance coverage and satisfaction in US low-income parents of infants and toddlers with disabilities compared to low-income parents of children without disabilities. The Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project is a longitudinal study involving 2087 families in 17 communities across the United States. Families… Read More »»
Racial and ethnic differences in diabetes mellitus among people with and without psychiatric disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
OBJECTIVE: This study examined racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in a nationally representative sample of adults with and without common psychiatric disorders. METHOD: Data were drawn from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N=34,653). Logistic regression models adjusting for sociodemographic variables and diabetes risk factors were… Read More »»
The myth and reality of disability prevalence: measuring disability for research and service. McDermott S, Turk MA. Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. email@example.com Disabil Health J. 2011 Jan;4(1):1-5. Epub 2010 Nov 5. The concept of disability has medical, functional, and social components. We… Read More »»
Promoting health, quality of life, and participation of persons with disabilities is a relatively recent development in public health. Its brief history reflects three distinct public health perspectives toward disability—a traditional approach that focuses on preventing disability, a contemporary approach that regards disability as a minority group experiencing disparities relative to people without disabilities, and an… Read More »»
Health risk profile for older adults with blindness: an application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health framework.
PURPOSE: To develop a health risk profile for adults age 65 years or older with blindness, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as our conceptual framework. METHODS: We combined and analyzed data from the 2000-2006 National Health Interview Survey after backcoding questions to the ICF. We compared older adults with blindness… Read More »»
Uncovering health care inequalities among adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Ward RL, Nichols AD, Freedman RI. Department of Sociology, Anthropology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice, SUNY Fredonia, NY 14063, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org Health Soc Work. 2010 Nov;35(4):280-90. Even as attention is drawn to the increasing number of individuals who experience health inequalities in the United… Read More »»
The objectives of this study were to explore how U.S. and Canadian dental schools educate students about special needs patients and which challenges and intentions for curricular changes they perceive. Data were collected from twenty-two dental schools in the United States and Canada with a web-based survey. While 91 percent of the programs covered this… Read More »»
Forgoing physician visits because of cost: a source of health disparities for elderly people with disabilities?
OBJECTIVE: To examine disparities in having a usual source of care and forgoing physician visits because of cost between elderly people (age > or =65y) with and without disabilities after consecutively controlling for predisposing, enabling, and perceived and evaluated health need factors using the Andersen behavioral model, and to identify the determinants of such disparities.… Read More »»