Youth En Route (YER) is a transition program for youth and young adults with multiple disabilities. It offers a multifaceted approach that includes self-discovery, skill development, and community experience. Underlying the service delivery model is a philosophy of self-determination. This program evaluation measured the self-determination skills, sense of personal control over life choices, and community… Read More »»
Addressing transition to adult health care for adolescents with special health care needs. Scal P, Ireland M. Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org Pediatrics. 2005 Jun;115(6):1607-12. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with addressing the transition from pediatric to adult-oriented health care among US… Read More »»
HIV/AIDS information and services: the situation experienced by adolescents with disabilities in Rwanda and Uganda.
PURPOSE: The study had two aims: (2) To explore whether knowledge about HIV and AIDS was similar among adolescents with disabilities compared with their non-disabled peers; and (2) To determine factors which may increase vulnerability of disabled adolescents to HIV infection and/or inappropriate access to HIV-related services. METHOD: A qualitative study using focus group discussions… Read More »»
This review presents a discussion of the sexual development of children and adolescents with disabilities, described in the framework of body structure and function, individual activities, and societal perspectives presented in the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Issues of sexual development, gynecological care and contraception, sexual functioning, societal barriers, sexual… Read More »»
Self-reported smoking and alcohol use were examined among 95 adolescents (aged 11-15) with intellectual disabilities and 4069 adolescents who did not have intellectual disabilities. Results indicated that adolescents with intellectual disabilities reported increased rates of smoking and decreased rates of using alcohol at least once a month. There were no marked differences between the two… Read More »»
Objective: To investigate age-related differences in health risk behaviors in 11-12-, 13-14-, and 15-16-year-old adolescents with physical disabilities. Methods: Health survey data from 319 adolescents with physical disabilities were compared with the same data from 7,020 adolescents in a national sample. Results: Significant age-related differences were found for having tried smoking, smoking, having tasted an… Read More »»
Comparative research on substance abuse and self-perception among adolescents with physical handicap.
The research on substance (alcohol, tobacco and drug) abuse and on self-perception was done by comparing a test group of physically disabled adolescents and a test group of non-disabled adolescents. The respondents of the experimental group were students of the only special high school for physically handicapped persons in Croatia , Zagreb . The respondents… Read More »»
Objective: To compare the self-perceived quality of life (QoL) of adolescents with and without disabilities. Methods: A school-based survey was conducted with 2801 7th to 12th grade students in a rural area of the United States. The Youth Quality of Life Instrument-Surveillance Module and the Youth Quality of Life Group-Disability Screener were completed. Results: Twenty-one… Read More »»
Children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities are especially likely to be sexually abused. Even so, their claims are not likely to be heard in court, possibly because people assume that jurors will not believe them. We tested this assumption in a mock-trial study in which 160 men and women watched videotaped excerpts from an actual… Read More »»
Regardless of what our beliefs about sex and disability may be, as health care providers we can promote the health and well being of our patients with disabilities in several ways. First and perhaps foremost, physical and programmatic barriers to accessing general health care including routine gynecologic care must be dramatically reduced. The promise of… Read More »»